MPT - 364760

Gaurav T Male, 40 Years

Associated for 2 Years 3 Months
Engineering Subjects Tutor

Activity Score - 2088

  • I teach at My Home
  • I go to Student's Home
  • Online
Location: Ahmedabad, India
Qualification :
  • M.Tech (SGSITS - 2007)
  • Total Experience:
    8 Years
  • Hourly Fees:
    INR 750
Tutoring Experience :
I Have taught Civil Engineering Subjects and also Environmental Studies in some of the most Prestigious Colleges of Gujarat and Maharashtra. I am having 8 years of teaching experience at College Level.
Tutoring Option :
I Can Manage Both
Tutoring Approach :
Students need a proper guidance towards their subject, any one can understand and pass the exams but to apply knowledge they need vision, that can only be gained by experience therefore every child needs a mentor or a coach to guide them to achieve them their goal, I don't consider myself a teacher, but a guide, mentor or a facilitator who can make the subject, easy, understandable and applicable.
Teaches:
Class 9 - 10 EVS All Boards All Medium INR 350 / Hour
Class 11 - 12 EVS All Boards All Medium INR 350 / Hour
Engineering Subjects Civil Engineering Graphics INR 750 / Hour
Class 6 - 8 All Subjects All Boards INR 350 / Hour

7 Notes written by me

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    EFFECTIVE PRESENTATION STRATEGIES

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    4. EFFECTIVE PRESENTATION STRATEGIES

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    Chapter-II 2. VERBAL AND NON-VERBAL COMMUNICATION

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    Chapter - 1 1. COMMUNICATION SKILLS “Process of Communication”

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  • Question: Factors depending on alignment

    Posted in: Civil | Date: 29/07/2019

    Answer:

    Various factors affecting alignment of roads are summerized as follows:

    Design Speed of the highway

    Topographical conditions

    Type of vehicles

    Density of traffic

    Environmental conditions

    Economy of highway construction

    and asthetics of highway design.

     

  • Question: What is 'floating foundation' ?

    Posted in: Civil | Date: 29/07/2019

    Answer:

    A floating foundation follows buoyancy principle, such foundation are constructed by excavating the soil in such a way that the weight of structure built on the soil is nearly equal to the total weight of the soil excavated from the ground including the weight of water in the soil before the construction of structure. so that weight of structure is balanced by weight of soil removed.

  • Answer:

    Various educational websites to enhance the knowledge of civil engineering are

    NPTEL ( National Program for Technologically enhanced learning)

    https://nptel.ac.in/

    Civil Simplified

    https://nptel.ac.in/

    Virtual Labs

    https://nptel.ac.in/

    Swayam self learrning portal

    https://nptel.ac.in/

    MDSolids

    https://nptel.ac.in/

     

  • Answer:

     The candidate should not be less than 21 years of age and more than 30 years (Some exceptions for caste and disabilities) of  age to appear in Engineering Services Examination.

  • Answer:

    For the success of any irrigation project following investigations are required to be made

    (i) Suitability of land (with respect to its soil, topography and drainage features) for the purpose of agriculture.

    (ii) Favourable climatic conditions for proper growth and yield of the crops.

    (iii) Adequate and economic supply of suitable quality of water.

     (iv) Good site condition for the construction and operation of engineering works.

  • Answer:

    The following are the various factors which affects the water requirements of the crops,

    Climatic conditions, Type of Crops, Water table, Slope of ground, Intensity of Irrigation, Conveyance Losses, Method of Application of water, Method of Ploughing, Crop Period, Base Period, Delta of a Crop

  • Question: What is confined aquifer and unconfined aquifer ?

    Posted in: Civil | Date: 29/07/2019

    Answer:

    Unconfined Aquifer

    • An unconfined aquifer is the one in which water table forms the upper surface of the zone of saturation.

    Confined Aquifer

    • When an aquifer is sandwiched between two impermeable layers, it is known as a confined aquifer. It is also known as a pressure aquifer, or an artesian aquifer. Confined aquifers are completely filled with water and they do not have a free water table.

  • Question: What are the causes of water-logging?

    Posted in: Civil | Date: 29/07/2019

    Answer:

    Waterlogging is caused by a combination of excess rainfall (for the site), poor external drain-age (runoff), poor internal drainage (water movement in the soil profile) and the inability of the soil to store much water.

  • Question: What are the limitations of Euler's formula?

    Posted in: Civil | Date: 29/07/2019

    Answer:

    Following are the limitations of euler's equation,

    The euler's equation is only applicable for long columns

    As the slenderness ration decreases the cripling stess increases. If slenderness ratio reaches to zero, then the cripling stress reaaches infinity practically which is not feasible.  

  • Question: What do you mean by Stoke's law in laminar flow?

    Posted in: Civil | Date: 30/07/2019

    Answer:

    Stokes Law, named after George Gabriel Stokes, describes the relationship between the frictional force of a sphere moving in a liquid and other quantities. If a sphere or a body moves through a fluid, a friction force must be overcome.

  • Question: Explain in detail "Production of Concrete".

    Posted in: Civil | Date: 30/07/2019

    Answer:

    Concrete production is the process of mixing together the various ingredients such as water, aggregate, cement, and  additives to produce concrete. Modern concrete is usually prepared as a viscous fluid, so that it may be poured into forms, which are containers erected in the field to give the concrete its desired shape.

  • Question: What are exogenous trees?

    Posted in: Civil | Date: 30/07/2019

    Answer:

    Exogenous trees, which comprise the great majority of modern trees (Coniferous and broad leaf trees), grow by the addition of new wood outwards, immediately under the bark.

  • Question: Distinguish between- painting and varnishing.

    Posted in: Civil | Date: 31/07/2019

    Answer:

    Paint is essentially a coating or covering material applied on a surface, it contains pigment which provides color to the surface.

    Whereas Varnish is a finishing coat applied on the surface to enhance the appearance; varnish does not contain any pigment it’s made of resin and provide a transparent protective coat.

  • Question: Write at least six types of cements.

    Posted in: Civil | Date: 31/07/2019

    Answer:

    Ordinary Portland Cement (OPC)

    Rapid Hardening Cement (RHC)

    Portland Pozolana Cement (PPC)

    Quick Setting Cement

    Sulphate Resisting Cement

    Portland Slag Cement

    Hydrophobic Cement

    Masonary Cement

  • Question: Write briefly about slaking of lime.

    Posted in: Civil | Date: 31/07/2019

    Answer:

    Slacking of Lime

    The slacking of lime is the process of adding water to  lime ( CaO, Calcium Oxide) so as to form hydrated lime or Calcium Hydroxide (CaO + H2O = Ca (OH)2. When lime cannot absorb further water the process is said to be complete.

  • Question: What are various methods of contouring?

    Posted in: Civil | Date: 31/07/2019

    Answer:

    Methods of Contouring are ;

    Direct Method

    Indirect Method

    1) Direct Method

        a)  By Level and Staff

        b)  By Hand Level

    2) Indirect Method

       a) Grid Method

       b) Cross- section method

       c) Radial Line Method

  • Question: Enumerate the various uses of a contour map.

    Posted in: Civil | Date: 31/07/2019

    Answer:

    Contour Maps are used for the following purposes,

    1) Selection of ideal sites for engineering projects such as road canal railways.

    2) For selection routes joining different places

    3) To determine the capacity of reservoirs.

    4) To estimate the quantity of cutting and filling

    5) To determine the drainage characteristics of an area.

  • Question: Enumerate the different methods of plane table surveying.

    Posted in: Civil | Date: 31/07/2019

    Answer:

    Methods of Plane Tabling can be summarized as below;

    • Method of Radiation
    • Method of Intersection
    • Method of Traversing
    • Method of Resection

  • Question: What is meant by contour interval?

    Posted in: Civil | Date: 31/07/2019

    Answer:

    The vertical Distance between two successive contours is known as Contour Interval.

    for e.g contour line of 90m, 89m, 88m have contour interval of 1m.

  • Question: What is the basic principle of chain surveying?

    Posted in: Civil | Date: 31/07/2019

    Answer:

    The Principle of Chain Surveying is Triangulation, i.e dividing the entire area in to small well conditioned triangles, so that just by measuring sides of a triangle it's area can be computed. The sum of all such small triangles can easily give the area of entire place to be surveyed.

  • Question: Name the equipments required for plane table surveying.

    Posted in: Civil | Date: 31/07/2019

    Answer:

    The equipments Used in Plane Table Surveying can be summerized as below:

    1) Plane Table

    2) Tripod

    3) Alidade

    4) Trough Compass

    5) U- fork and plumb bob

    6) Waterproof Cover

    7) Drawing Sheets

    8) Pins

    9) Drawing accessories

  • Question: Define vena contracta.

    Posted in: Civil | Date: 31/07/2019

    Answer:

    Vena Contracta is a point in a fluid stream where the diameter of the stream is least, and the fluid velocity is maximum, such in a case of stream comming out of a nozzle. 

  • Question: What is meant by the term super structure?

    Posted in: Civil | Date: 31/07/2019

    Answer:

    The superstructure is that part of the building which is above the ground and which serves the purpose of building’s intended use.

     It includes,

    • Plinth

    • Wall and columns

    • Beams

    • Arches

    • Roofs and slabs

    • Lintel and arches

    • Chajjas

    • Parapet

    • Steps and stairs

  • Question: What are the harmful constituents of cement?

    Posted in: Civil | Date: 31/07/2019

    Answer:

    Harmful Constituents of Cement

    The presence of the following oxides adversely affects the quality of cement

    1) Alkali Oxides K2O and Na2O

    2) Magnesium oxide MgO

    If the amount alkali oxide exceeds 1 per cent, it leads to the failure of concrete made from that cement.               Similarly, if the content of magnesium oxide exceeds 5 per cent, it causes cracks after mortar or concrete hardens

  • Question: Define intensity of irrigation.

    Posted in: Civil | Date: 01/08/2019

    Answer:

    Intensity of irrigation is defined as the percentage of the irrigation area proposed to be irrigated annually.

    Usually the areas irrigated during each crop season (Rabi, Kharif, etc) is expressed as a percentage of the Culturable Command Area which represents the intensity of irrigation for the crop season.

  • Answer:

    Renewable energy can be produced from various alternate sources such as summerized below :

    Solar Energy ( Sun or Solar Radiations)

    Wind Energy ( Wind )

    Ocean Energy  

    Tidal Energy

    Geothermal Energy ( the heat below the surface of earth)

    Biomass Energy ( Green energy)

    Hydrogen Energy

    With the increase of fuel consumption ( Fossil Fuel) there will be a need to identify alternate sources of energy as fossil fuels are in limited quantity and with the current usage rate soon the non renewable sources are going to be depleted. Thus renewable sources of energy are the need of the hour.

  • Question: What are the shortcomings of a bar charts?

    Posted in: Civil | Date: 01/08/2019

    Answer:

    Bar Charts do have following limitations,

    a) They can be used only for small and simple jobs

    b) Interdependencies of activities can not be shown in bar charts

    c) It does not suggest priorities of work.

    d) Uncertainties are not considered in bar charts

  • Question: What do you understand by airport capacity?

    Posted in: Civil | Date: 02/08/2019

    Answer:

    The number of aircraft movements which an airport can process within a specified period of time, is defined as airport capacity

  • Question: What are the factors which effect the airport capacity?

    Posted in: Civil | Date: 02/08/2019

    Answer:

    Following factors affect airport capacity:

    i) Runway Configuration

    ii) Aircaft Characteristics

    iii) Weather Conditions

    iv) Terrain or man made obstructions

    v) Loading apron space

    vi) Navigational aids

    vii) Airrcraft processing technique.

  • Question: Discuss the different types of runway patterns.

    Posted in: Civil | Date: 02/08/2019

    Answer:

    The following are the basic patterns of runway:

    i) Single Runway

    ii) Parallel Runway

    iii) Intersecting Runway

    iv) Non-Intersecting Runway

  • Question: Differentiate between Metric and Surveyor's chain.

    Posted in: Civil | Date: 03/08/2019

    Answer:

    Matric Chain consists of brass ring at every 1 m interval, tallies at every 5 m interval and a central tag at half way length of chain. Its available in 20 m and 30 m length and consist of links 100 and 150 respectively. The length of chain is written on brass handle.This chain is used for measuring distance in m and km and area in m2 and sq km. 

    Surveyor chain is generally 66 ft long consist of 100 links each of 0.66 ft, here 10 sq chain = 1 acre and 10 chains = 1 furlong , 8 furlong = 1 mile. This chain is used for mesurement of length and area in miles and area in acres

  • Question: What causes cracks in a building?

    Posted in: Civil | Date: 03/08/2019

    Answer:

    Most common causes of cracks in the building are a settlement of soil beneath the foundation, shrinkage, and expansion of concrete, shrinkage, and expansion of cohesive soils, landslips, landslides, settlement, heavy sway or wind forces, corrosion of reinforcements, and use of poor quality of construction material or bad workmanship. 

  • Question: Define the terms 'buoyancy' and' centre of buoyancy'.

    Posted in: Civil | Date: 03/08/2019

    Answer:

    Buoyancy

    The resultant upward vertical force exerted by the static fluid on the floating body is termed as Buoyant force or force of buoyancy.

    The buoyant force is supposed to act through the centre of gravity of the displaced volume of fluid and is known as centre of buoyancy.

  • Question: What is the design mix of M5 ?

    Posted in: Civil | Date: 03/08/2019

    Answer:

    M5 mix has a design mix ratio of (1 : 5 : 10 ) i.e 1 part of cement 5 part of sand and 10 parts of aggregate. M 5 is a very lean mix of concrete and can be used in any nonstructural work or lesser important construction works.

  • Question: What are shell roofs?

    Posted in: Civil | Date: 05/08/2019

    Answer:

    A Shell Roof is a thin curved membrane or slab usually made up of reinforced concrete, which can function both as a roof covering and structure. Shell roofs typically composed of concrete panels curved, cylindrically or spherically to achieve greater strength.

    Shell roofs are built with several materials such as in situ reinforced concrete, timber, steel sheets, ceramics, glass, plastics, hard board, lattice and composite structure etc

  • Question: What do you understand by zoning laws?

    Posted in: Civil | Date: 05/08/2019

    Answer:

    Zoning laws  are the regulation by law of the use of land and buildings and of the height and density of buildings in specific areas for the purpose of securing convienence,health,safety and general welfare of community.

  • Question: Differentiate between column and strut.

    Posted in: Civil | Date: 05/08/2019

    Answer:

    a) Column is a vertical member subjected to axial compressive loads whereas, strut is an inclined member subjected to axial load.

    b) Columns are designed to take compressive loads only whereas Struts can take compressive as well as tensile load.

    c) Column generally fails by buckling whereas struts fails by crushing. 

    d) Slenderness ratio of columns is more whereas slenderness ratio of struts is less.

  • Question: Define Young's modulus.

    Posted in: Civil | Date: 05/08/2019

    Answer:

    Young's Modulus is a measure of stiffness or resistance offered by a solid body to elastic deformation under load. It can be expressed as ratio of Stress to Strain within the limit of proportionality.

  • Question: What are the advantages of bolted connections?

    Posted in: Civil | Date: 05/08/2019

    Answer:

    a) Lesser manpower is required as compared to rivet connection.

    b) High strength bolts are much stonger than rivets

    c) Bolted connections are faster

    d) Tightening bolts and nuts is much more silent when compared to rivets where a lot of hammering is required to be done.

    e) Bolts can be removed, replaced and retightened in the event of faulty bolting or damaged bolts.

  • Question: Explain the terms throw, heave and strike of fault.

    Posted in: Civil | Date: 05/08/2019

    Answer:

    Heave and Throw

    The horizontal component of displacement is called “heave” and the vertical component of displacement is called “throw”

    Strike

    Strike refers to the direction in which a geological structure is present

  • Question: Define ecological succession.

    Posted in: Civil | Date: 05/08/2019

    Answer:

    Ecological Sucession is the process by which the structure of biological community evolves over the period of time. It is a gradual process by which ecosystems change and develop over time.

  • Question: What do you mean by most economical section?

    Posted in: Civil | Date: 05/08/2019

    Answer:

    Most Economical Section

    A Channel Section is considered to be most economical or most efficient when it passes a maximum discharge for a given cross section area, resistance coefficient, and bottom slope.

  • Question: What do you mean by gradually varied flow?

    Posted in: Civil | Date: 05/08/2019

    Answer:

    Gradually Varied Flow

    Gradually Varied flow is defined as steady non uniform flow in a channel in which there are gradual changes in water depth.

  • Question: Explain a Conjugate Beam.

    Posted in: Civil | Date: 05/08/2019

    Answer:

    The conjugate-beam method is an engineering method to derive the slope and displacement of a beam.

    Conjugate beam is defined as the imaginary beam with the same dimensions (length) as that of the original beam but load at any point on the conjugate beam is equal to the bending moment at that point divided by EI.

  • Question: Define an orifice-meter.

    Posted in: Civil | Date: 05/08/2019

    Answer:

    An Orifice meter or orifice plate is another simple constriction type of flow measuring device based on the principle of Bernoulli's equation.

    The space required for orifice meter or plate is very less as compared to venturimeter and it is very cheap in cost as compared to other flow measuring device.

  • Question: Describe an aerofoil.

    Posted in: Civil | Date: 05/08/2019

    Answer:

    Aerofoil

    An aerofoil is the term used to describe the cross-sectional shape of an object that, when moved through a fluid such as air, creates an aerodynamic force.

    Aerofoils are employed on aircraft as wings to produce lift or as propeller blades to produce thrust.

    a Aerofoil structure with curved surfaces designed to give the most favourable ratio of lift to drag in flight, used as the basic form of the wings, fins, and tailplanes of most aircraft.

  • Question: Differentiate between real fluids and ideal fluids.

    Posted in: Civil | Date: 05/08/2019

    Answer:

    Real Fluid and Ideal Fluid

    An Ideal fluid has no viscosity, and surface tension and is incompressible, However such fluid does not exist in nature and thus the concept of ideal fluid is imaginary.

    Real Fluid

    Real fluid is one which possesses viscosity, surface tension, and is compressible and can be seen in nature. Due the presence of viscosity and surface tension this fluid offers resistance when in motion.

  • Question: Define Newton's Law of viscosity.

    Posted in: Civil | Date: 05/08/2019

    Answer:

    Newton's law of viscosity

    Newton’s law of viscosity  states that, the shear stress between adjacent fluid layers is proportional to the velocity gradients between the two layers.

     

  • Question: What is a venturimeter?

    Posted in: Civil | Date: 05/08/2019

    Answer:

    Ventuimeter

    A Venturimeter is a flow measuring device used for the measurement of rate of flow of fluid through pipe, consists of an inlet section having the same area of section of pipe, a convergent cone, a throat portion of small cross - section followed by a gradually diverging cone.

    It is a type of constriction meter placed into the pipe flow system.

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