A Glance on the Stages of School Education in India

A Glance on the Stages of School Education in India

Whenever I think of the importance of teaching, I remind of Nelson Mandela’s famous saying that 'Education' is the most powerful weapon that can change the world.

The best gift by the GOD to you is your children. You must want the best of everything for your precious little ones. Education lays in the top priority amongst all as it will decide their future. The current tide of Indian culture is flowing beyond “just reading and writing.” A well- equipped educational system will awakens the mind regarding a variety of new and unique ideas and the contemporary world in which they lives.

Is my child stepped at the right age to go to a school?

What are the age limit as well as relaxation for admission in primary or secondary education?

What is the procedure of the admission, examination, etc. in schools?

To get the right answer, we have to go through the stages of education in India.

1. Play School or Kindergarten

It emerges with the new look-out for the improvement of the existing educational system, or, you can say, modernizing of the comprehensive education.

As the name suggests “Kindergarten” is a “garden for the kids.” This pre-school forum is based on learning through playing, singing, drawing, and more social interactions. The training of sanitation, dressing, eating, behavior, and increment of vocabulary do not wait anymore for the pre-primary stage. Play school tutors are thoroughly skilled in nurturing very little kids or toddlers of 2 or 3 years old. Nursery rhymes, basic alphabets, spelling, introduction to colors, knowledge about the fundamental body parts like head, face, hands, legs, etc. are taught.

Many pre-schools provide the facility of crèches for the family having working parents. The little souls can stay after the school hours with fellow children and enjoy. Specially trained people are there to babysit them.

The age limit for admission is 2 and half years- 3 and half years.

2. Pre-primary or nursery

It encompasses Lower KG and Upper KG. Just after the completion of the introduction to the world of unending education, the child has to enter into the formal network of schooling. It starts with pre-primary. The nursery imparts knowledge, behavior and various skills in the child, almost similar to the play schools.

The children get to wear fancy dress in play schools, but if they get enrolled directly in the nursery as their first step towards education, they have to maintain the formal school policy and regulations with flexibility. Moreover, this stage prepares the kids for further education.

In general, the age limit to get into pre-primary division is 3 and half years- 4 and half years. The Upper KG which is the extension of the things taught in Lower KG takes children between 4 and half years – 5 and half years.

3. Primary

We all know that in some states Class I- IV covers the primary segment, while in other countries Class I- V is considered as Primary. The former states are West Bengal, Goa, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Kerala, Mizoram, Nagaland, Meghalaya, Pondicherry, Assam, Gujarat, Lakshadweep, Daman and Diu, Dadra and Nagar Haveli, and the Mahe region. The later ones are Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Chandigarh, Karaikal and Yaman regions of Pondicherry, Bihar, Andhra Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Manipur, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Haryana, Jammu and Kashmir, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Orissa and Punjab.

The private schools that have branches in more than one state follow the same rules and regulations. Primary education is also regarded as elementary education. The government has provided free education for the children and banned child labor. But, unfortunately, adverse social systems have led to the partial fulfillment of these policies.

The age limit for the primary division is 5 and half years- 6 and half years. It may continue until the age of 14. The general subjects like basic science, language, history, geography, mathematics and social studies complete the syllabus.

4. Secondary

This stage starts from class V and ends in class X. There is a twist. Class v to class VIII are considered as the middle school stage. Class IX and X is the ultimate secondary version where the students sit for board exams. It usually covers children between 11 and 16 years. The NCERT, UGC, ICSE, and CBSE qualify the candidates’ ages who take the board examinations. Age 15 by May 30 has been considered as eligible for taking Secondary examinations that will mark the child’s literacy officially for the first time. Class X reflects the finishing of the secondary stage.

5. Higher Secondary or Plus- Two

Class XI and XII comes under this phase. Students at least 17 years old are eligible for appearing in Higher Secondary examinations. The Higher Secondary divides the Science, Arts, and Commerce separately according to the students’ aptitude. In few states, this 10+2 pattern is attached to the Universities, and the classes are held in colleges instead of schools. The successful completion of this stage will mark the exposure to higher education under the control of UGC like Business Administration, Medical, Engineering, General Streams and other areas.


SL No.




Play School or Kindergarten

2 ⅟2 - 3 ⅟2


Pre Primary or Nursery

3 ⅟2 - 4 ⅟2



5 ⅟2 - 6 ⅟2



11 – 12 ( up to 16 years of age)


Higher Secondary or PLUS TWO

17 - 18

We must let our children learn how to think and not what to think which is not possible without proper education. Always remember that an enlightened mind cannot be dark. True education will make the supreme combo of character and intelligence. It will light the fire lying dead inside a human and he/she can use it to bring positivity to the society.

Rima Bose

Rima is an ardent writer and an awe-inspiring fitness trainer. She surmises in expressing through her mind that has been penned down in her writings. She has maintained her sportsmanship through regular martial arts and swimming. A beautiful mind and a glowing soul shine eternity as per her stance.

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