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The Sentence

Published in: English
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    Sudha

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    • Teaches: Spoken English
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Sentences is a basic requirement for all the language skills whether it be Receptive or Productive. It is a Informational PPT, throwing light on basic structure of a sentence, various types and sentences related to different contexts, communication and selective written styles.

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    The Sentence is a group of words expressing a complete thought. expressing
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    • To communicate effectively with the reader. • To make writing persuasive and interesting.
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    Every sentence has two essential parts: and The subject of a sentence is the part about which something is being said. The flower bloomed. painted. Bob The girls on the team were all good students. predicate of a sentence The is the part which says something about the subject. Bill told everyone about the wreck, Mary sobbed. Sue plays the piano well.
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    Complete Sentences A complete sentence has a subject and a predicate that work together to make a complete thought, The child. What about the child? What is he doing? This is an incomplete sentence. Reads. Who reads? Who is performing this action? This is also an incomplete sentence. The child reads. Now we know what the child is doing and who is reading. THIS is a complete sentence.
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    The analysis of sentence structure Phrases NP : Noun Phrase The car, a clever student VP : Verb Phrase study hard, play the guitar PP : Prepositional Phrase in the class, above the earth AP : Adjective Phrase very tall, quite certain
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    Who? Example of a Complete Sentence: The dog ate his bone. The dog What did he do? Ate his bone We can answer our two questions Who? and What did he do? So this is a complete sentence !
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    Example of an Incomplete Sentence The big hairy spider. Who? The big hairy spider We don't know! This is not a What did it do? complete sentence! TIP Just because a group of words begins with a capital and ends with a period doesn't mean it is a complete sentence!
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    Four Sentence Types Declarative Sentences Imperative Sentences Exclamatory Sentences Interrogative Sentences
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    Each kind of sentence ends with its own special punctuation mark, Let's 100k at each of these sentences,
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    Type of Sentence Punctuation Mark Period Declarative Makes a statement Question Asks a question Mark ( ? ) Interrogative Gives a command or Imperative makes a request Period Exclamation Mark Expresses strong Exclamatory feeling
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    Declarative Sharon and Paul found a lost puppy , We get lots of snow in the winter , Interrogative May I borrow you pencil sharpener ? What time do you get up in the morning ?
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    Imperative Pick up the book Clean your room , Exclamatory It's a beautiful day! I won a million dollars !
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    Types of sentences A simple sentence consists of only one clause. Joe waited for the train. "Joe" = subject, "waited" = verb I looked for Mary and Samantha at the bus station, "I" = subject, "looked" = verb
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    A compound sentence consist of two or more independent clauses Joe waited for the train, but the train was late. Mary and Samantha left on the bus before I arrived, so I did not see them at the bus station.
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    A complex sentence has at least one independent clause plus at least one dependent clause. After Although As Because Before even though if Since Though unless Until when whenever whereas wherever while (dependent clauses ) Because Mary and Samantha arrived at the bus station before noon, I did not see them at the station. While he waited at the train station, Joe realized that the train was late. After they left on the bus, Mary and Samantha realized that Joe was waiting at the train station
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    independent clauses I did not see them at the station because Mary and Samantha arrived at the bus station before noon. Joe realized that the train was late while he waited at the train station. Mary and Samantha realized that Joe was waiting at the train station after they left on the bus.
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    QUIZ ON SENTENCE TYPES AND SENTENCE STRUCTURE END

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