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Simple Present Tense Uses

Published in: English
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Simple Present Tense Uses

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    Present tenses
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    USE Present simple 1) Habits, repeated actions e.g. she runs in the park every day 2) With adverbs of frequency, which usually go before the main verb or after the modal Always, usually, often, sometimes, rarely, barely, hadrly ever, seldom e.g. she often goes dancing he isn't often late
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    3) For facts that are always true e. g. Famous singers earn a lot of money 4) For fixed timetables e.g. The train leaves in 10 min 5) In time clauses with future meaning e.g. I'll see you when I finish my homework 6) When describing a plot of a film or a book e.g. The police arrive and catch the burglar
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    -ES ENDINGDS To verbs which end with -ss; -sh; -ch; -z; -x; -o We add —ES ending to the third person singular. e.g.he fishes a lot Tom does his homewor every day consonant + y She often cries ->crY= crIES Vowel +Y -> YS He always says the same story
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    PRESENT CONTINUOUS USE 1) Actions that are happening at the moment of speaking e.g. She's talking about grammar at the moment 2) With ALWAYS for something that happens very often and is annoying or surprising e.g. He's always borrowing my pen.
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    3) For situations or statements that are changing e.g. our summers are getting wetter More and more people are moving to the suburbs. 4) For fixed plans and arrangements in the future We are visitting Rome this summer. We have tickets. 5) For events that are happening now, but no necessarily at this moment. e.g. They are building more houses here.
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    USE VVe use this tense with words: -Now -At the moment -In the photo/picture - At present - These days - Tomorrow - LOOK! - Watch out! - Listen !
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    -ING ENDINGS 1) Verbs which end with letter —e. We skip this letter and ad only —ing e.g. She is writing a letter = writE->writlNG 2) We double the consonant after a vowel which is acceted. e.g. he's running in this photo. 3) We double the last L letter after. e.g. She's traveling to London today. 4) We skip the ending —IE and ad —YING ending e.g. She's trying so hard to pass it.
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    STATE VERBS This verbs describe a state, not an activity. This type of verb cannot be used in continuous form. 1) Verbs describing attitudes like, -love;- hate;- need; -prefer; -want; 2) Verbs if sense/perception -see;-smell;- taste;-hear; 3)Verbs of thinking - think;-believe;- suppose;-agree;-know;- remember;-understand;-doubt
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    4) Verbs describing appearance and qualities -appear;- seem;- sound;- look 5) Verbs of possessions have;- belong to;- own
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    State verbs different I think you are right BUT I'm thinking about the problem. I see what you mean BUT I'm seeing the dentist tomorrow
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    PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE USE 1) For a single or repeated action completed at an unspecified past time and concentrated to the present e.g. He's decorated his room. It looks great! I've been to several COI_lntrieS in South America 2) For an action in a time period that is still continuing e.g. I've learnt a lot of things today
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    3) For an event that started in the past and continues up to the present, esp. with FOR and SINCE. e.g. I've had this phone for two months
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    ADVERBS JUST already yet since ever never Very recent events Something has happened before now We are expecting something to happen Used in X, ? -> the beginning of a time period -> the length of the period -> whether the event has or hasn't happened Something that hasn't happened She's just won a competition I've already sent my application Have you heard their new album yet? He's been a vet since 2000. He's lived here for 10 years Have you ever been to London? No, I've never been there
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    Present perfect continUO use 1) For an action that started in the past and continues up to now e.g. I've been teaching since I was 15 years old. 2) For a past continuing action with a present results e.g. I've been playing tenis and I'm really tired now.
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    3) to emphasise how long an activity has been going on. e.g. We've been waiting for two hours
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    PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE OR PAST SIMPLE? 1) For actions in the past when we don't know the time. e.g. He's seen the latest James Bond film. 2) Actions that started in the past and are still continuing in the present e.g. I've been a student for 10 years 3) For completed actions in a time period that is unfinished e.g.l've been to the dentist twice this week
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    1) For actons in the past when we know t e time. e.g. He saw this film two weeks ago. 2) For actions that started and finished in the past e.g.l was a dancer for 5 years when I was younger. 3) For completed actions in a finished time period. e.g. I went to the dentist twice last month.
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    n OU


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