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Notes On English Literature Practice

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This notes will help students to practice English Literature and obtain good marks.

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    Sample Paper— 1 (Units 1 To 4) Section A: Prose QI. A. Read the passage properly and answer the given questions. One afternoon in 1977, as his parents and two brothers fished in the Gulf of Mexico, 12 year- old Michael Dell sat on the beach, painstakingly putting together a trot line a maze of ropes in which several fish hooks could be attached. "You're wastlng your time," the rest of the family called to Michael, as they pulled in fish. "Grab a pole and join in the fun." Michael kept working. It was dinner time when he finished, and everyone else was ready to call it a day. Still the youngster cast the trotline far into the water, anchoring it to a stick that he plunged deep in the sand. Over dinner, his family teased young Michael about coming away empty-handed. But afterwards Michael reeled in his trotline, and on the hooks were more fish than the others had caught all together! Michael Dell has always been fond of saying, "If you have a good idea, fry it!" And today, at 29, he has discovered the power of another good idea that has helped him rise in just a few years from teen to tycoon. He has become the fourth-largest manufacturer of personal computers in America and the youngest man ever to head a Fortune 500 corporation. Growing up in Houston, Texas, Michael and his two brothers were imbued by their parents, Alexander and Lorraine—he an orthodontist, she a stockbroker with the desire to learn and the drive to work hard. Even so, stories of the middle boy began to be told early. 1. At which point of time does the story begin? 2. How old was Michael and what was he doing? 3. Xhat does Michael mean when he says, "If you think you have a good idea, try it?" 4. X/hat is the message conveyed from this extract? 5. Do as directed: (i) Use 'it was found': But afterwards Michael reeled in his trotline, and on the hooks were more fish than the others had caught all together! (ii) Re write in indirect speech: "You're wasting your time," the rest of the family called to Michael, as they pulled in fish. "Grab a pole and join in the fun.' (iii) Change into the past tense: He has become the fourth-largest manufacturer of personal computers in America. 6. (i) Write a synonym for 'tycoon'. (ii) Give the meaning of 'orthodontist'. B. Do as directed: great debt gratitude colleagues with similar interests who have 1. I owe supported me inspired me pursue different lines inquiry. [Fill in the blanks with suitable articles, prepositions and conjunctions] 2. Debates with respect to terminology and definition have been heated and confinuous over this period, reflecting a variety of approaches to the analysis of these very frequently occurring expressions. [Identify the voice and re write it in the opposite voice] Q2. A. Read the passage properly and answer the given questions. I chose a publisher by the simple expedient of closing my eyes and pricking a catalogue with a pin. I dispatched the completed manuscript and promptly forgot about it.
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    In the days which followed I gradually regained my health, and I began to chafe at idleness. I wanted to be back in harness. At last, the date of my deliverance drew near. I went around the village saying good-bye to the simple folk who had become my friends. As I entered the post office, the post master presented me with a telegram an urgent Invitation to meet the publisher. I took it straight away and showed it, without a word, to John Angus. The novel I had thrown away was chosen by the Book Society, dramatized and serialized, translated into 19 languages, bought by Hollywood. It has sold millions of copies. It has altered my life radically, beyond my wildest dreams . and all because of a timely lesson in the grace of perseverance. But that lesson goes deeper still. Today, when the air resounds with shrill defeafist cries, when half our stricken world is wailing in discouragement: "What is the use . to work ... to save to go on living ... with Armageddon round the corner?" I am glad to recollect it. The door is wide open to darkness and despair. The way to close that door is to go on doing whatever job we are doing and to finish it. 1. X/hat did the post master present the author with, when the latter entered the post office? 2. does the author say about the novel whose manuscript he had thrown away? 3. Xhat does the author say in the very last line of the extract? 4. Express, in your own words, the message that the author tries to get across. 5. (i) In the days which followed I gradually regained my health, and I began to chafe at my idleness. (Begin with 'Regaining.. .'). (ii) Identify the articles, prepositions and conjunctions: The novel that I had thrown away, was chosen by the Book Society, dramatized and serialized, translated into 19 languages, bought by Hollywood. 6. Write the meanings of the words 'expedient' and 'perseverance'. B. Read the following passage and write a note. Also, give a suitable title to lt. It was concluded, after many careful studies by different scientists, that there were only two kinds of an entity which is called the electlic chaue. Bodies like glass or plastic rods, silk, fur and pith balls can be electrified. They acquire an electric charge on rubbing. The experiments on pith balls suggested that there are two kinds of electrification and we find that (i) like charges repel and (il) unlike chaws attract each other. The experiments also demonstrated that the charges are transferred from the rods to the pith balls on contact. It is said that the pith balls are electrified or are charged by contact. The property which differentiates the two kinds of charges is called the polmity of charge. When a g ass rod is rubbed with silk, the rod acquires one kind of charge and the silk acquires the second kind of charge. This is true for any pair of objects that are rubbed to be electrified. Now if the electrified glass rod is brought in contact with silk, with which it was rubbed, they no longer attract each other. They also do not attract or repel other light objects as they did on being electrified. [Clues: 1. The entity: 2. How identified: 3. Bodies that acquire electric charge on rubbing: 4. Pith ball experiments suggest: 5. Polarity of charge: 6. Rubbing glass rod with silk:]
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    Q3. A. Read the passage properly and answer the given questions. In the department of but it is better not to mention the department. There is nothing more Irritable than departments, regiments, courts of justice, and, in a word, every branch of public service. Each individual attached to them nowadays thinks all society is insulted in his person. Quite recently a complaint was received from a justice of the peace, In which he plainly demonstrated that all the imperial institutions were going to the dogs, and that the Czar's sacred name was being taken in vain; and in proof he appended to the complaint a romance, in which the justice of the peace is made to appear about once in every ten lines, and sometimes in a drunken condition. Therefore, in order to avoid all unpleasantness, it will be better to designate the department in question as a certain department. So, in a certain department there was a certain official—not a very high one, it must be allowed short of stature, somewhat pock-marked, red-haired, and short-sighted, with a bald forehead, wrinkled cheeks, and a complexion of the kind known as sanguine. The St. Petersburg climate was responsible for this. As for his official status, he was what is called a perpetual titular councilor, over which some writers make merry and crack their jokes, obeying the praiseworthy custom of attacking those who cannot bite back. 1. X/hy is the author reluctant to mention the name of the department? 2. do people attached to departments think? 3. recent incident does the author talk of? 4. Xhat do you understand about the attitude of government officials from this abstract? 5. (i) Identify the adjectives/ adjectival phrases: So, in a certain department there was a certain official—not a very high one, it must be allowed short of stature, somewhat pock-marked, red- haired, and short-sighted, with a bald forehead, wrinkled cheeks, and a complexion of the kind known as sanguine. (ii) Identify the verbs: The St. Petersburg climate was responsible for this. As for his official status, he was what IS called a perpetual titular councilor, over which some writers make merry and crack their jokes, obeying the praiseworthy custom of attacking those who cannot bite back. (iii) Therefore, order department quesfion prepositions) avoid all unpleasantness, It will be better designate the a certain department. (Fill in the blanks with appropriate 6. Write the antonym and a synonym for 'appended'. B. Write a summary of the above extract. [Select the main points of the passage and list them out sequentially. Then combine them by reducing unnecessary words.] Section B: Poetry Q4. A. Read the extract properly and answer the given questions. But at home a different story is told, How we treat our loved ones both young and old. Later that day, cooking the evening meal, My daughter stood beside me very still. When I turned, I nearly knocked her down. "Move out of the way," I said with a frown. She walked away, her little heart broken. I didn't realize how harshly I'd spoken.
  • 4
    1. do you infer about the relationship between family members from this extract? 2. Discuss the mother-daughter relationship as it comes out from this extract. 3. Mention the poetic device in: ... her little heart broken. 4. Write an appreciation of the poem. B. Read the extract properly and answer the given questions. The truth of that dream we buy on credit of not going to the office on Sunday, at last, and the merciless bosses whom the worker manufacturers in indivisible granaries where executioners were always born and grow up and always multiply. 1. X/hat is the truth of the dream that the poet is talking about? 2. Express your opinion about the picture of common people that is portrayed in these lines. 3. Name the predominant poetic device used in the extract. 4. Write a short appreciafion of the above lines. Section C: Rapid Reading and Composition Q5. A. Re write the extract from the point of view of the son, Chaitanya: The special school did Chaitanya a lot of good. He was now a much more confident person, adored by his teachers, his friends and his school staff. His speech improved and expression became clearer. His social manners became laudable. Academically, he was still lagging behind the expected standard of learning but it was okay. He started developing an all-round interest in craft, art, music, dancing and sports. Early in 1997-98, when he returned from state level inter-school sports, he had two prizes to his credit and a silver medal. He had won his laurels in athletic events and the silver medal in a running race. When I saw the prizes and read the citafion Chaitanya had received, I was stupefied, in total disbelief, then—hugged him, kissed him and cried unabashedly to my heart's content. That day I cried for the first time out of joy and a sense of being vindicated. Without practice he had competed with approximately 1800 children drawn from various schools all over the state. He was subsequently selected for the marathon race, but he could not participate due to a health problem. "May be next year, he would," I assured myself. And I, as his proud mother, would proudly chronicle his future achievements and success to inspire other mothers of the world. Looking back at my own life, I feel that it is the spirit with which we can accept our life gracefully is what matters ultimately; and it is love which nourishes us. B. (1) Re write the given extract In the form of a dialogue: Drawing a sullen satisfaction from my surrender or, as I preferred to phrase it, my return to sanity, I went for a walk in the drizzling rain. Halfway down the loch shore, I came upon old Angus, the farmer, patiently and laboriously ditching a patch of the bogged and peaty heath which made up the bulk of his hard won little croft. As I drew near, he gazed up at me in some surprise: he knew of my Intention and, with that Inborn Scottish reverence for "letters", had tacitly approved it. When I told him what I had just done and why, his weathered face slowly changed, his keen blue eyes scanned me with disappointment and a queer contempt. He was a silent man and it was long before he spoke. Even then his words were crypfic.
  • 5
    "No doubt you're the one that's right, doctor, and I'm the one that's wrong.. ."he seemed to look right into the bottom of me. "My father ditched this bog all his days and never made a pasture. I've dug it all my days and I've never made a pasture. But pasture or no pasture,' he placed his foot dourly on the spade, "I canna help but dig. For my father knew and I know that if you only dig enough a pasture can be made here." I understood. I watched his dogged working figure with rising anger and resentment. or, (2) Add a paragraph of your own to the given extract and contlnue it to about 120 words. Word has evidently got around about their ways. It is learnt that the garbage man turns up at their house every day at five in the morning. And when the good doctor has to undergo a small surgery himself, his operation was actually listed for 5.30 am, an unheard of hour for such an intricate activity. One only hopes that the operating team had gone to bed nice and early the previous night! One thing's for sure. Five o'clock in the evening is probably the only time of the day when one can hope to invite such contrasting creatures together for a celebration. At any other hour, one type or the other would probably be found yawning away to glory! Section D: Writing Skills Q6. A. Write a job application for the position of a clerk in response to an advertisement in The Times of India. Send it to Mr. Ravindra Patil, 285/6, Hadapsar, Pune. [Please use the following layout: Sender's Address: House No. 1, Sahaydri Colony, Tupe Patil Road, Magarpatta, Pune Date: 10/01/2016 Receiver's Address: Mr. Ravmdra Patil, 285/6, Hadapsar, Pune Reference: Advertisement in the Times of India dated 09/01 / 2016 Subject: Application for the post of Clerk Sir, This applicafion is response to the above mentioned post, as advertised in yesterday's edition of the Times of India. Speaking briefly, I have just completed my schooling and have enrolled for BCom under IGNOU. Vhile completing my studies, I am also looking for an opportunity to increase my professional experience. Although I have no prior work experience, I can assure you that my command over both the Marathi and English languages, as well as my proficiency in Mathematics have well-equipped me for undertaking the responsibilities related to the role. Also, I have successfully completed a short-term course on computers and I am well versed in MS Office. For your kind perusal, I have also attached my updated CV with this application. A call from you would be eagerly awaited. Yours sincerely, Sarvesh Kekatpure]
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    or, Write a letter to a friend whom you were supposed to meet after a long time at a particular place and a fime but could not turn up because of some unforeseen events. B. You have recently undertaken a trip to Shillong and a travel agency has asked you to prepare a short tourist leaflet. [Please include the answers related to the following points in preparing to write the leaflet: How to go? to stay? are the major attractions? to eat? The Dos and Don'ts]. or, Write a report on a police raid conducted to prevent the sale of hooch or illegally made country liquor. [Menace of drinking liquor in the country-side adverse effects on families—how people have access to this—the failure of the Gram Panchayats to curb the menace—the action of the police and how they conducted the operation]. or, Write a dialogue based on Ruben's first encounter with the sack-buyer, emphasising on how he convinced the man to buy the sacks. C. Express views and counter-views on the topic of cast-based reservations. or, Write a short paragraph based on the following diagram. [Diagram of water-cycle] Q7. A. Frame questions that can be asked while interviewing some senior defence officer regarding the recent spurt in terrorism in the country and the counter-terrorism tactics employed by our defence forces. [Hints: A basic introduction of the person, that is, name, rank, wing of the defence forces. Questions: (1) What, In his opinion, IS the primary reason behind the recent spurt In terrorist activities in the country? (2) How well-equipped are we In terms of counter-terrorism operations both In terms of diplomacy and military tactics? (3) Is there any need to formulate stricter laws, keeping in mind national security and what kind of laws ? (4) Are our armed forces, both military and para military, well-equipped both in terms of arms and ammunitions as well as protective gear? (5) In what way can the common man contribute in foiling terrorist attacks within the borders of the country?]
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    B. Prepare a speech on the importance of digital learning technologies for school students. [Hint: Firstly, describe what digital learning technologies mean and how they help in the Improvement of teaching-learning. Secondly, discuss how the concept originated and its acceptability across the world. Thirdly, elaborate upon the platforms and technologies used. Finally, conclude by highlighting how they have enabled the dissemination of knowledge to larger sections of the society.]

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