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Notes On English Literature Practice

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This notes will help students to practice English Literature and obtain good marks.

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    Sample Paper — 3 (Units 5 To 8) Section A: Prose QI. A. Read the passage properly and answer the given questions. But being named an 'Adarsh Gaon' is far from easy. Villages had to give a proposal after which a committee headed by Mr. Pawar inspected the villages. "The villages had to show dedication in the struggle to fight mediocrity. They had to follow all the conditions of becoming an 'Adarsh Gaon.' We chose villages with a revolutionary spark," Mr. Pawar says. Villages need to follow strict rules. The process begins with effective water management through the watershed technique and water auditing, taking responsibility of the village's natural resources planting trees and stopping grazing, contributing labour for the village work, and then expanding to bring about behavioural changes in the people for harbouring social change. Hiware Bazaar is free of any kind of addicfion and there are no liquor and tobacco shops in the village. Vasectomy has been made compulsory as is the pre-marital HIV test. The 'Adarsh Gaon' model prides Itself on being based on the joint decisions made by the gram Sabha, where all the villagers are present. Even while selecting the new villages under the scheme, Mr. Pawar made sure that the decision to become an ideal village was taken by the entire village together. The greatest victory for Hiware Bazaar so far has been the reverse Immigration that the village has witnessed since 1989. As many as 93 families have come back to the village, "from the slums In Mumbai and Pune" Mr. Pawar says. The village of 216 families was completely below poverty line (BPL) in 1989; now it has only three BPL families. 1. What are the two things that have been made compulsory in the village of Hiware Bazaar? 2. X/hat is the process of becoming an ideal village? 3. X/hat do you infer about the inhabitants of Hiware Bazaar? 4. Make your personal observation about the concept of 'ideal village'. 5. (i) Even while selecting new villages under scheme, Mr. Pawar made sure that decision to become ideal village was taken by entire village together. [Fill in the appropriate articles]. (ii) Hiware Bazaar is free of any kind of addiction and there are no liquor and tobacco shops in the village. Vasectomy has been made compulsory as is the pre-marital HIV test. [Change into negative sentences without changing the meaning]. 6. Give the antonym of 'mediocrity' and synonym of 'migration'. B. 1. "The villages had to show dedication in the struggle to fight mediocrity. They had to follow all the conditions of becoming an 'Adarsh Gaon.' We chose villages with a revolutionary spark," Mr. Pawar says. [Change to Indirect Speech]. 2. The 'Adarsh Gaon' model prides itself on being based on the joint decisions made by the gram Sabha, where all the villagers are present. [Change the tense]. Q2. A. Read the passage properly and answer the given questions. And if you did have a phone, it wasn't necessarily a blessing. I spent my high school years in Calcutta, and I remember that if you picked up your phone, you had no guarantee you would reach the number you had dialled. Sometimes you were connected to someone else's on-going conversation, and they had no Idea you were able to hear them; there was even a technical term for It, the 'cross-connection' (appropriately, since these were connections that made us very cross). If you wanted to call another city, say Delhi, you had to book a 'trunk call' In the morning and then sit by the telephone all day waiting for it to come through; or you could pay eight times
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    the going rate for a 'lightning call' but even lightning struck slowly in India in those days, so it only took half an hour instead of the usual three or four or more to be connected. As late as 1984, when a Member of Parliament rose to protest this woeful, appalling performance by a public sector monopoly, the then communicafions minister replied in a lordly manner that in a developing country, telephones were a luxury, not a right; that the government had no obligation to provide better service; and that if the honourable member was not satisfied with his telephone, he was welcome to return it, since there was an eight-year waiting list for this supposedly inadequate instrument. 1. was welcome to return his phone and why? 2. Why was there no guarantee of reaching the number dialled? 3. Xhat do you infer about the condifion of telephony in the country from the above extract? 4. What is your opinion about the political leadership in the country, as revealed from the extract? you wanted call another city, say Delhi, you had book a 'trunk call' the morning and then sit the telephone all day waiting for it come through; or you could pay eight times the going rate a 'lightning call' but even lightning struck slowly India those days, so it only took half an hour instead the usual three or four or more be connected. [Fill in the blanks with appropriate words]. (ii) I spent my high school years in Calcutta, and I remember that if you picked up your phone, you had no guarantee you would reach the number you had dialled. [Change the voice]. 6. Give the meanings of the words 'appalling' and 'monopoly'. B. Read the following passage and write a note. Also, give a suitable title to lt. Research in those days was done for the purpose of advancing the science and researchers decided what to work on. a discovery looked good, It was taken to marketing or put on the shelf until somebody asked for it. I personally worked In a group called "Innovafive Products." When management or sales asked for a new product, we were supposed to give them a number of choices and, typically, we had dozens of projects underway. They rarely asked and few products and processes from this area quickly made it to the market, while some would not get noticed and commercialized for years or decades. Some R&D money was spent on "discretionary funding" and the Chief Technology officer (CTO) managed that budget personally. I was the recipient of such funds. As an engineer and project manager, I had little supervision and was left alone to innovate. When a project got close to needing prototype equipment, money was allocated for the machines (almost $ 1 million), and we then made prototypes for customers to test. When the decision was made to go into production, the project was put into the capital plan, the funding mechanism changed, and we made the product. Q3. A. Read the passage properly and answer the given questions. During radio's first decade, wireless boosters and radio station directors eager to cultivate audiences for the new media regularly touted its humanitarian benefits for a nation still struggling to recover from the physical destruction and emotional ravages of the First World War. Describing the recent formation of Radio for the Blind and Wireless at the Hospital, two national charities that distributed free radios to the blind and "infirm," a journalist highlighted radio's advantages for blind veterans, the war's most pitiable victims, whose reliance on sighted guides limited their Independence and restricted their movement in society. Broadcasting could provide a constant stream of sound to brighten their dark worlds but even more miraculously, aided the deaf, who "perceive nothing of the voices of the world," but whose hearing is
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    sometimes sensitive to the vibrations of the microphone." Referring to the sensory disruption many listeners experienced the first fime they heard disembodied voices emerging from a radio loudspeaker or a burst of static explode In their headsets, he Insisted that listening offered even greater advantages to the blind and disabled than it did to able-bodied audiences. Broadcasting could advance disabled veterans' physical and psychological rehabilitation by granting them access to the wider world outside their homes and sanatoria, permitting them to rejoin civil society through the airwaves. 1. According to the extract, whom does radio seem to benefit? 2. What are the advantages provided to the blind through the radio? 3. How could broadcasting prove beneficial to the deaf? 4. Do you agree to the points expressed about the beneficial effects of radio on the blind and the deaf? Xhy? 5. Fill in the blanks with appropriate articles, prepositions and conjunctions. Referring sensory disruption many listeners experienced first tlme they heard static explode disembodied voices emerging radio loudspeaker burst their blind headsets, he insisted listening offered even greater advantages disabled it able-bodied audiences. Broadcasting could advance disabled veterans' physical did psychological rehabilitation _ granting them access wider world outside their homes sanatoria, permitting them _ rejoin civil society through _ airwaves. 6. Explain the terms 'disembodied' and 'rehabilitation'. B. Write a summary of the above extract. Section B: Poetry Q4. A. Read the extract properly and answer the given questions. I asked her why She was so sad? She told me her baby was killed in Auschwitz, her daughter in Hiroshima and her sons in Vietnam, Ireland, Israel, Palesfine, Lebanon, Bosnia, Rwanda, Kosovo and Chechnya. All the rest of her children, she said, are on the nuclear blacklist of the dead, all the rest, unless the whole world understands that peace IS a woman. 1. does the poet refer to as her 'baby', 'daughter', 2. X/hat is the central theme of the poem? 3. X/hat are the poetic devices used in this extract? 4. Write a short appreciation of the extract. sons' and 'the rest of her children'? B. Read the extract properly and answer the given questions. If we continue to live in impracticality No more vast, endless oceans
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    Only littered swamps, the colour of a witch's potions. No more soaring birds overhead Only planes, so loud they rock your bed. No more woods No more natural goods We have little time To change our self-centered, one-track minds Before we are struck with a great heap of jumble Left only with an artlficial concrete jungle. 1. What does the poet refer to as 'the colour of a witch's potions'? 2. What is the central idea that is conveyed through this poetic extract? 3. Identify the poetic devices used in this extract. 4. Write an appreciation of the extract. Section C: Rapid Reading and Composition Q5. A. Re write the extract from the point of view of Sheku: Seeing her husband was incapable of movement, too dejected even to lift his head, she rose and herself put the bullock to the plough. Placing one end of the yoke across her own shoulder, she commanded: 'Now, rope me tight.' So the frail man hardened his heart, got up and signalled the bullock to move. The animal moved, so did the woman. The ploughshare pierced the earth, began furrowing a path through the damp soil. Sheku released a handful of millet seed in to the hopper the grain coursed down the bamboo tube, then leaped to the ground. Sheku's wife confinued to pull by the side of the bullock by sheer physical strength. The sowing went on all morning. At mid-day, Sheku and his wife, breathless from the exertion, sat down to a quiet lunch. Sheku was tongue-tied; the woman spoke of this and that. Together they went to work with a rake until the seed was evenly covered by the upturned soil. By evening they had sown the two-acre plot; then the exhausted trio made their way home. Next day the incredible tale was all over the village. There was admiration, some astonishment, occasionally even a feeling of scornful amusement. That night, on my way back from the school, I stood in front of Sheku's house for a moment. Inside, the lamp-light revealed the prostrate form of Sheku's wife by the side of the wall. Sheku stood on her back kneading her body with his feet. Supporfing himself by placing both his hands on the wall, he was massaging his wife's aching back with a slow movement of each foot. B. 1. Convert the following extract into a dialogue between the rabbit and the squirrel: The duck was excellent in swimming. In fact, better than his instructor. But he made only passing grades in flying and was poor in running. Since he was slow in running, he had to stay after school and also drop swimming in order to practise running. This was kept up unfil hiss webbed feet were badly worn and he was only average in swimming. But average was acceptable in school so nobody worried about that except, the duck. The rabbit started at the top of the class in running but had a nervous breakdown because of so much makeup work in swimming. The squirrel was excellent in climbing until he developed frustration in the flying class where his teacher made him start from the ground up instead of the treetop down. He also developed a 'Charlie horse' from overexertion and then got a C in climbing and a D In running. The eagle was a problem child and was disciplined severely. In the climbing class, he beat all the others to the top of the tree but insisted on using his own way to get there.
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    At the end of the year, an abnormal eel that could swim exceedingly well and also run, climb and fly a little had the highest average and was valedictorian. The prairie dogs stayed out of school and fought the levy because the administrafion would not add digging and burrowing to the curriculum. They apprenticed their children to a badger and later joined the groundhogs and gophers to start a successful private school. or, 2. Add a paragraph of your own to the given extract and continue it to about 120 words. The number of people on this planet right now is approaching seven billion, and they are far from being in fine fettle. Too many don't have enough food to eat—India itself has more than a quarter off its population below the poverty line. With about a quarter of our population in cities living in slums, there's a serious lack of non-collapsible roofs over our head too. If you think technology is going to help solve all these problems sometime soon, do remember that the decreasing thickness of the iPod has been the most talked about technological development in the recent past. Ergo, a simple statistic that correlates the heat human beings emit to our possible numbers on this planet certainly shouldn't serve as a licence for us to try and multiply our numbers with gay abandon. Section D: Writing Skills Q6. A. Write a job application for the position of an Accounts Assistant in response to an advertisement in The Deccan Chronicle. Send it to Mr. Madhav Sawant, Manager, Kadam Motors, Fatima Nagar, Pune. B. Write a leaflet for a travel company providing interesting details about Uttarakhand. Mention how to go there, where to stay and which are the places that are to be visited. Or, Write a newspaper report about the recent spurt of violence related to religious intolerance. Or, Write a dialogue between two teachers debating on the issue of finalising the Mathematics syllabus for Class 8 students. C. From the given diagram, develop the matter relating to the Oxygen Carbon Dioxide Cycle in Nature. [Diagram of Oxygen-Carbon Dioxide Cycle]. Or, Develop a counterview on the popularity of tutorial classes and the craze for competitive examinations. Q7. A. Legendary Indian footballer, Bruno Coutinho, IS in town. Prepare a set of questions for him to find out his opinion about the ISL and the future of Indian Football. B. Prepare a speech that you have been asked to develop to convince your neighbours to participate in a week-long Cleanliness Drive.

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