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Notes On English Literature Practice

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This notes will help students to practice English Literature and obtain good marks.

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    Sample Paper— 2 (Units 1 To 4) Section A: Prose QI. A. Read the passage properly and answer the given questions. An excited buzz broke out among the crowd. It sounded a lot of fun. No one was usually allowed to enter the king's special garden. He had planted trees from all over the world in that garden and it was said to be filled with all kinds of beautiful and strange plants. Right on time the next day, everyone gathered at the gate of the garden. At the time the king had told them, the guards opened the gates and handed out the sacks. Men, women and children started roaming around the beautiful garden. They spotted juicy apples and plump mangoes hanging from the trees. They picked these till they saw ripe pomegranates bursting with juice, grapes and colourful flowers no one had seen before. People went about picking whatever they wished for and filling their sacks with them. But as they walked into the garden it became wilder, more like a forest, and there they saw trees laden with apples of gold, mangoes of silver and flowers studded with gems and jewels! Everyone empfied their sacks of the fruits they had collected earlier and started madly filling them up with these precious fruits and flowers. They all forgot that they had said they had more than enough for their needs at home. Greed took over their minds and all they could think about was adding more and more valuables to their sacks. The fruits which they had picked earlier, and tasted to be as sweet as nectar, now lay in heaps around the garden—forgotten and left to rot. 1. Vhy was the crowd excited? 2. What Idea about human greed do you derive from this extract? 3. Describe how the people behaved inside the garden. 4. Are the people, in your opinion, really happy and contented in life? 5. (i) He had planted trees from all over the world in that garden and it was said to be filled with all kinds of beautiful and strange plants. (Begin: All kinds of beautiful and strange plants .. (ii) At the time the king had told them, the guards opened the gates and handed out the sacks. (Change into a negative sentence without changing the meaning of the sentence). (iii) They all forgot that they had said they had more than enough for their needs at home. Greed took over their minds and all they could think about was adding more and more valuables to their sacks. (Join the sentences without changing the meaning) 6. Explain the meanings of the terms 'laden' and 'nectar'. B. 1. Identify the prepositions: Even as she heard it crash around her she couldn't forebear the attempt to save at least some of the material. 2. "She might have talked to you of something that would have done you both more good," Mrs. Bowerbank remarked. [Change into indirect speech]. 3. Her companion gazed at her with a kind of professional patience. [Change the voice]. Q2. A. Read the passage properly and answer the given questions. But a great sustainable and liveable city doesn't emerge by accident and its development cannot be taken for granted. It requires hard work, cohesive planning and meticulous implementation. And high management skills. Perhaps the time has come to have an Indian Urban Service, a body of highly trained professionals who will manage the city. This could be akin to the IAS, IFS, Revenue and Forest services. There is also a need for a top-notch think tank which develops policies and goals for urbanism. This should include the best people from various areas—town planning, urban designing, transport, energy, environment, public utilities, landscape, housing etc.
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    But a start has been made. JNNURM, which IS some six years old, has started an ambitious development plan in many cities. The results have been encouraging. But to bring our cities to any basic level of development, many more need to be brought to its fold. More areas need to be addressed. We also need to reinvent and restructure the institutions that served us well in the past such as Town and Country Planning Organisafion, the DDA in Delhi and the MMRDA in Mumbai. Then there are also research organizations such as CRRI for road and transportafion and CBRI for buildings. Reinventing them will need political will and administrative vision. 1. X/hat is the problem that is being pointed out in this extract? 2. What is the present necessity in India in terms of creating sustainable cities? 3. Xhat do you think is the major hindrance in creating sustainable cities in India? 4. Write down your own observations about the steps that have been taken towards starting the process of making Indian cifies sustainable. 5. (i) Change the voice: It requires hard work, cohesive planning and meticulous implementation. results have been encouraging. But bring our cities any basic level its fold. More areas need development, many more need be brought be addressed. [Fill in the blank spaces with suitable articles and prepositions]. (ili) But a great sustainable and liveable city doesn't emerge by accident and its development cannot be taken for granted. [Rewrite using 'emergence' and 'accidental']. 6. Write down the meanings of 'meticulous' and 'sustainable'. B. Read the following passage and write a note. Also, give a suitable title to it. Erasmus Darwin was a mechaniclan, a naturalist, and a poet. He was famed for his inventions: all intended to abridge labour or serve mankind, and most of them practical and valuable. He contrived a horizontal windmill, to grind flints for Wedgwood's pottery; a lamp on the moderator principle ; a candlestick which would draw out like a telescope; a manifold writer; a knitting loom; a weighing machine; a flying bird; a canal lock; a rotatory pump; wheels with elastic spokes; and a speaking machine. He proposed a large wheeled carriage, like that afterwards contrived by Moore, but with many ingenious features of Its own. Dr. Darwin was thrown from this carriage in 1768, and limped ever after. He had a speaking-tube put up in his house, to convey messages to the kitchen; and we are told how a countryman waiting below stairs was horrified to hear a sepulchral voice issue from a dying fire and say distinctly, "I want some coals." He was a member, with Priestley, Boulton, Watt, Galton, and Withering, of the famous Lunar Club, which dined together at Birmingham every month, at or near the full moon, for convenience of getting home. Q3. A. Read the passage properly and answer the given questions. For some hours I had been strolling across country with my gun, and should probably not have returned till evening to the tavern on the Kursk high-road, where my three-horse trap was awaiting me, had not an exceedingly fine and persistent rain, which had worried me all day with the obstinacy and ruthlessness of some old maiden lady, driven me at last to seek at least a temporary shelter somewhere in the neighbourhood. While I was still deliberating in which direcfion to go, my eye suddenly fell on a low shanty near a field sown with peas. I went up to the shanty, glanced under the thatched roof, and saw an old man so infirm that he reminded me at once of the dying goat Robinson Crusoe found in some cave on his island. The old man was squatting on his heels, his little dim eyes half closed, while hurriedly, but carefully, like a hare (the poor fellow had not a single tooth), he munched a dry, hard pea, incessantly rolling it from side to side. He was so absorbed in this occupation that he did not notice my entrance. "Grandfather! Hey, grandfather!" said I. He ceased munching, lifted his eyebrows high, and with an effort opened his eyes.
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    "What?" he mumbled in a broken voice. "Is there any village nearby?" I asked. The old man fell to munching again. He had not heard me. I repeated my question louder than before. 1. X/hich fictional character has been referred to in this extract? 2. was the narrator forced to seek shelter? 3. X/hat indications of deafness of the old man can be found from the extract? 4. Express your opinion about the narrative in the extract. 5. (i) For some hours I had been strolling across country with my gun, and should probably not have returned till evening. [Change the voice]. (ii) "Is there any village nearby?" I asked. [Change to indirect speech]. (iii) He had not heard me. [Change into an affirmative sentence without changing the meaning of the sentence]. 6. Write an antonym of 'persistent' and a synonym of 'stubbornness'. B. Write a summary of the above extract. Section B: Poetry Q4. A. Read the extract properly and answer the given questions. Or, trembling like waves they stand in endless queues In government hospitals or settle like sterile clouds In post offices awaiting mail from their sons abroad long ago dead. 1. From this extract what can be inferred about the condition of old women? 2. do you think that the old women are neglected? 3. Identify the poetic devices used in this extract. 4. Write a short appreciafion of the above extract. B. Read the extract properly and answer the given questions. If you have the will to live and the courage to die You are a beacon light for people far and wide If you ignore the jeers and, thus, expose the lie 'That virtue and success do not go side by side.' You are the person I am looking for. 1. What is the general theme of the extract? 2. What, according to you, are the features of a virtuous person that the poet has pointed out at? 3. Mention the poetic devices that have been used in this extract. 4. Write a brief appreciation of the above extract. Section C: Rapid Reading and Composition
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    Q5. A. Re write the extract from the point of view of the relative of a victim who died in the stampede: Doctors at the base hospital said that over 150 people came for treatment. "Since this is a makeshift hospital and can accommodate only 100 patients, some were referred to other city hospitals. However, the number of seriously injured would not be more than five or seven," said a doctor. District Magistrate, Senthil Pandyan, has ordered a magisterial probe into the incident. Pandian said that most of the victims were from Jhansi, Munger and Sultanpur area of Uttar Pradesh. Following instructions from the district administration, the organizers today announced that the five-day ceremony would be curtailed, and would end on Wednesday. Uttarakhand's Chief Minister, B. C. Khanduri, who visited the mishap site, announced a compensation of Rs 2 lakh for the kin of deceased. An equal amount was announced as compensation by the organisers. Prime Minister Manmohan Singh also announced Rs 1 lakh for the relatives of the victims and Rs 50000 for those seriously injured. B. 1. Convert the following extract into a dialogue between Sushant and Ritesh: In more recent times Gandhiji, perhaps, is one who assiduously brushed aside adulation to remain a free 'nobody'. At the Congress session when he, the star of the session, stunned everybody by cleaning up the latrines, his act was calculated to purge Congress workers of their false sense of status, and so to return the movement its down-to-earth roots. The point of guarding against becoming a self-defeating somebody applies to the upbringing of children as well. Doting parents often stunt the natural growth of their children through excessive adulation. Commonplace acts and utterances of the child are praised and quoted beyond reason. Talent, that otherwise might have flowered under proper training, is lauded to the extent of killing it. John Stuart Mill's educafion and training began very early. At an age when many kids can barely lisp a few words, he had learnt enough Greek and Latin to read the classics in the original. Before he was five, he had read more than what many scholars normally read In their career. Did this make the child John heady? No! Because, he tells us, his father (who was also his tutor) always made him believe that there was nothing extraordinary about his achievement: that he was doing only what anybody else IS capable of doing. Mill was made to believe that other boys of his age had, in fact, grossly underestimated their capabilifies and were wasting their years striving too little. or, 2. Add a paragraph of your own to the given extract and continue it to about 120 words. he became a fully grown up one, he began to go far and wide. I didn't know where he went but after six o' clock in the evening he would be waifing for me on the coconut tree. If I was not at home someday, he would not come down. He would roost on the coconut tree and fly away in the morning. The most interesting fact was that all fellow parrots would be there on the coconut tree to take him with them in the morning and all of them accompanied to the coconut tree in the evening. They would be wonderstruck at the sight of his landing on my land and fly away together, making musical sounds in a chorus. Section D: Writing Skills Q6. A. Write a job application for the position of a Junior Laboratory Assistant in response to an advertisement in The Times of India. Send it to Ms. Rupali Adavkar, Principal, Digvijay Nimbhalkar Memorial High School, Thane.
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    B. Write a leaflet for a travel company providing interesting details about Goa. Mention how to go there, where to stay and which are the places that are to be visited. or, Write a newspaper report about the devastating earthquake that has occurred in the north- eastern part of the country. or, Write a dialogue between two friends debating on the issue of compulsory military training for all students after high school. C. From the given diagram, develop the matter relating to the administrative hierarchy of a college. Governing Body Deans of Principal Registrar Finance Officer assistant Assistannt Finance Registrar Officer or, Studies of Professor Examinatio ontro er Assistant of Professor Examinatio Develop a counterview on the statement that digital learning media is an alternative to the conventional learning methodologies. Q7. A. You have been asked to interview the recently-retired Chief Justice of India. Frame questions for the interview. B. You are the School Captain. Prepare a speech that you are supposed to deliver on the occasion of Republic Day celebrations in your school.

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