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Notes On English Literature Practice

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This notes will help students to practice English Literature and obtain good marks.

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    Sample Paper— 1 Section A: Prose QI. A. Read the passage properly and answer the given questions. 'Hard labour' is the watchword of our times. And, Panditji, you have given us the message of building Maharashtra and our nation by hard labour. We are going to inscribe this valuable message on our minds and try to look at your blessings and your guidance, as the blessings and guidance of an epoch maker. And now, following our age old tradition, I pray to god to remove darkness from the life of the sinful. This prayer has been taught to us by Dnyaneshwar. It is from our saints that we have got the blessings and the philosophy that the darkness of the evil should vanish from this world and truth only should prevail. They have taught us the principle of equality and taught us to fight against injustice. Our leaders have given us the message of patriofism and self-government. Against the backdrop of this message, I would like to promise on this auspicious occasion that Maharashtra will never forget the divine message given by Mahatma Gandhi through this person. On behalf of myself, the Marathi people and the Government of Maharashtra, I thank the Honourable Governor and Panditji. I pray to God to let this new Maharashtra prosper, let Its brightness grow and let this brightness be spent on the welfare of India and humanity. 1. Comment on the oratorical skills of the speaker. 2. does the orator pray about and who has taught the prayer? 3. What IS the occasion of the speech? 4. Whom does the speaker express his gratitude to and thank through this speech? 5. (i) We are going to inscribe this valuable message on our minds and fry to look at your blessings and your guidance, as the blessings and guidance of an epoch maker. [Re write in the future contlnuous tense]. (ii) It is from our saints that we have got the blessings and the philosophy that the darkness of the evil should vanish from this world and truth only should prevail. [Re write in the past tense]. (ili) Against the backdrop _ this message, I would like promise _ this auspicious occasion Maharashtra will never forget the divine message given _ Mahatma Gandhi through person. [Fill in the blanks with appropriate prepositions]. 6. Give the meanings of the word 'inscribe' and 'prevail'. B. 1. They have taught us the principle of equality and taught us to fight against injustice. [Change the voice]. 2. They have taught us the principle of equality and taught us to fight against injustice. [Change to a negative sentence]. Q2. A. Read the passage properly and answer the given questions. The Jahangir Art Gallery, the State Bank of India building and the canteen close by which offered affordable fare, the amazing street fare, bhelpun• and vadaPav. The joy of reading Bombay Times with its page 3 people one would never meet but who seemed like old friends. The Strand bookstore where one could browse for hours. And just when a book was longingly but firmly put down from nowhere, Mr. Shanbagh would materialise magically at one's elbow with a special price. Not to forget the joys of trawling the book-lined pavements at Fountain, where one could watch the world go by. And wherever I chose to go, there was always my friend, the sea, oh, I loved her, in all her moods, but especially in the monsoon when violent and enraged, she splattered Worli seaface with walls of sea spray. My friends are lost, some passed away, some
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    moved away, there were many whose names I never found out, though we took the train together, or met in the lift, every day. Like every migrant, I promise myself, someday I will return. I may, perhaps, return sometime, but even so, I know, "that one cannot step into the same river twice" You seduced me steadily, O Mumbai, with your glamour and bright lights. City of dreams, tinsel town, I pay tribute to you. Today, I say good-bye with a heavy heart. 1. X/hat type of emofion is displayed by the speaker in this extract? 2. How does the speaker relate her love for the city with her love for reading? 3. Why does the speaker consider the sea to be her friend? 4. Why do you think that the speaker is seduced by Mumbai? just when _ book was longingly _ firmly put down nowhere, Mr. Shanbagh would 5. materialise magically one's elbow special price. Not forget _ joys trawling book-lined pavements Fountain, where one could watch _ world go . [Fill in the blanks with appropriate prepositions, articles and conjunctions]. 6. Explain the meaning of the word 'trawling' and give its synonym. B. Read the following passage and write a note. Also, give a suitable title to it. We had established a value stream for the product development process, but there was a catch. Our project process included the potential for a loop an iteration or learning cycle. In fact, an individual project could have as many as 10 loops. This meant that regardless of the end-to-end value-stream time, some projects could take up to 10 times longer than others due to repeated loops. we showed project managers our value-stream map with the loop step, they were thoroughly confused. They wanted to see how to effectively schedule projects that were comprised of a variable and an often unknown number of loops. We looked for a resource to learn how to schedule projects with this much variability which is not that unusual In R&D but we had to dig deep to locate one. About that fime a new book hit my desk. It was the Harley Davidson story by Dantar P. Oosterwal. According to Oosterwal, Harley Davidson spaces their large projects evenly; like one big new project released every year. The typical large projects last several years, so there are always tsvo to three active big projects in any one year. Q3. A. Read the passage properly and answer the given questions. Owing in no small part to the growing importance and divisiveness of the tariff issue, the 1870s ushered In an era of national party crisis. The Democratic foundations were cracked, Its southern wing seeking Redemption through black disenfranchisement, political intimidation, and Klan terrorism. The Republican party found itself riven by factionalism as its powerful old guard "Stalwart" pro Grant political machinery led by Roscoe Conkling squared off against its younger "Half-Breed" rivals, who instead supported James G. Blaine, John Sherman, or George Frisbie Hoar. A third group, the party's Liberal Republican independents, found themselves at loggerheads with the Republican faithful in attempting to end the party's corruptlve political machines, its spoils system, its protectionist policies, and Reconstruction. Black Republicans became ever more disillusioned while they watched the onetime antislavery party shift towards these other issues, and away from African-American civil rights. Following the 1870 ratification of the Fifteenth Amendment guaranteeing voting rights irrespective of race or colour, for example, laissez-faire Liberal Republicans speculated that the federal government arm had been extended far enough—maybe even too far to protect freedmen and women. And the Republican party as a whole began to turn away from issues of antislavery towards those of political economy: tariff and monetary reform. The intraparty conflict and ideological reformation that followed would culminate betxveen the presidential contests of 1872 and 1884.
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    1. Write down the central argument of the extract. 2. Vhy did the democratic foundations crack? 3. What was the condition of the Republican party? 4. Express your opinion about the condition of the different political parties. (i) Black Republicans became ever more disillusioned while they watched the onetime 5. antislavery party shift towards these other issues, and away from African American civil rights. [Re write in the present continuous]. intraparty conflict ideological reformation that followed would culminate between presidential contests 1884. [Fill in the blanks with suitable prepositions, articles and 1872 conjunctions]. (ili) Owing in no small part to the growing importance and divisiveness of the tariff issue, the 1870s ushered in an era of national party crisis. [Change to affirmative sentence]. 6. Give the meanings of the words 'intimidation' and 'protectionist'. B. Write a summary of the above extract. Section B: Poetry Q4. A. Read the extract properly and answer the given questions. The banyan tree was three times as tall as our house Its trunk had a circumference of fifty feet Its scraggly aerial roots fell to the ground From thirty feet or more so first they cut the branches Sawing them off for seven days and the heap was huge Insects and birds began to leave the tree 1. Vhy were the branches cut first? 2. Vhy do you think the poet has given a description of the dimensions of the tree? 3. Mention the poetic devices used in this extract. 4. Write a short appreciation based on the extract. B. Read the extract properly and answer the given questions. And is it pride? Ah, that bright crown Has seemed to nations sweet; But god has struck its luster down In ashes at his feet. Not gold but only men can make A people great and strong; Men who for truth and honor's sake Stand fast and suffer long. 1. What is the ultimate destiny of pride? 2. Why do you think that the strength of a nation can be made by its 'men'. 3. Point out the poetic devices used in the extract. 4. Write an appreciation of the extracted lines. Section C: Rapid Reading and Composition Q5. A. Re write the extract from the point of view of a Minister In the government:
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    To me, a world without poverty means that every person would have the ability to take care of his or her own basic life needs. In such a world, nobody would die of hunger or suffer from malnutrition. This is a goal world leaders have been calling for decades, but have never set out in any way for achieving it. Today 40,000 children die each day around the world from hunger-related diseases. In a poverty free world, no children would die of such causes. Everybody in every part of the globe would have access to educafion and health-care services because he or she would be able to afford them. Unlike today, the state would not be required to provide free or subsidized health-care or schooling. All state organizations created to provide free or subsidized services for the poor would no longer be required and could be done away with. Thus, no need for welfare, or local welfare agencies, or the national welfare department. No need for hand outs, no soup-kitchens, no food stamps, no free schools, no free hospital care, no begging in the streets. State-run safety-net programme would have no rationale for existence because no one would live on charity any more. State-run social security programmes, Income-support programmes would be unnecessary. Social structures in a poverty-free world would, of course, be quite different from those that exist in a poverty-ridden world. But nobody would be at the mercy of anyone else, and that is what would make all the difference between a world without poverty and one riddled with it. B. 1. Convert the following extract into a dialogue between Chaitanya's parents: Looking back at my own life, I feel that it is the spirit with which we can accept our life gracefully is what matters ultimately; and it is love which nourishes us. All other things are unimportant. Chaitanya has made me look inwards. His handicap doesn't disturb me any longer. He and I shall live With it and still be happy. The mental strength which he has given to me is Inexhaustible. One day, as both of us got onto a public transport bus, Chaitanya offered to buy the tickets for us. "One full, one half," he said to the conductor beaming with joy. Looking at him, I wondered whether he was really only a half? An Incomplete person? Was I full? Complete in all respects? Why do then normal people feel that they are 'full' and others like Chaitanya are half or Incomplete? Chaitanya's world is complete in itself, pure and innocent while our lives are full of deceit, jealousies, ill feelings. His words have intrigued me ever since. Whenever I think of Chaitanya, I feel he is complete in himself although a little different from us. How could I call him only a half? The half, incomplete person was myself and not him. The distance for the bus was the same for both of us. Only the tickets were priced differently. The day the world sees him the way I do, it will not be a one full or a one half world. It will be one full world a world full of love, caring and sharing. or, 2. Add a paragraph of your own to the given extract and continue it to about 120 words. In case of mythology there are many versions of the same story. Gradually, when I became aware of this reality, I realized I had a huge responsibility. Because of our growing knowledge in this field, I found that we had become even more meticulous. Historical stories, biographies and mythology took several months of research. For example, the Laxman Rekha episode is not there In either Valmiki Ramayan or Ram-charit Manas. This episode was the invenfion of Krittivas! We did a lot of reading and research to decide whether to include it in the Amar Chitra Katha version.
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    In the story of Vivekanand, his address in the Parliament of Religions was readily available, but when we got down to doing the illustration of the tlme when he rose from his seat to speak, we realized that we did not know who was sitfing to his left or to his right. We could not have put illustrations of just random people there. Now began the challenging task of finding out exactly who he was sitting beside at that time and In what order were they seated. Section D: Writing Skills Q6. A. Write a job application for the position of a Personal Secretary in response to an advertisement in The Hindu. Send it to Dr. Ganesh Gadhkari, Owner, Date Enterprises, Bandra, Mumbai. B. Write a blog for an international travel company providing interesting details about Rajasthan. Mention how to go there, where to stay and which are the places that are to be visited. Or, Write a newspaper report about the recent performance of the Sania Mirza and Martina HingiS pair In International tennis circuits. Or, A dialogue between two parents regarding the school's decision to increase the fees from the next season. C. From the given diagram, develop the matter relating to the Hydrogen Cycle in Nature. [Diagram of Oxygen-Carbon Dioxide Cycle]. Or, Develop a counterview on the concept of odd-even numbers followed by the Delhi government to curb pollution. Q7. A. Prepare a set of questions for an interview with Mahesh Dattani. B. Prepare a speech that you have been asked to develop to explain to the members of the slum area near your colony the importance of sending girls to school.

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