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Notes On English Lesson For Practice

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The students who wants to get good marks in their exam, this practice lesson will help them a lot.

  • 1
    One Full, One Half Comprehending This is a story of a boy with a certain disability. The 'normal' world at large sees people like them as handicapped and shows pity to them. But in reality, such people are much more determined and far more mentally stronger than us. This undermines their physical disabilities. They are, in fact, differently abled in comparison to the so-called 'normal' people. In this story, Neela Satyanarayan tells us how she tackled the problem of bringing up a 'special child'. For that, she required immense strength to face the curious and questioning eyes of the people around her. She also needed to feel proud of being a 'special mother'. The first step that the author took was to take her child along wherever she went instead of choosing to be in the closet. Gradually, the child developed into a healthy human being and she is sure that one day, he would be able to face the world on his own. Thus, children like Chaitanya do not need pity they need love and confidence. Words — Meanings, Pronunciations, Thesaurus abundant (a-bun-dunth) — ample; enough; bountiful; copious; lavish; profuse; rampant g aring frowning; scowling; angrily staring embarrassed (em-ba-rushed) felt awkward; ashamed; abashed; chagrined (shag-rind); disconcerted discern (di-sern) — be aware of; detect; discover; notice; observe; perceive adored (a-doed) — deeply loved and respected laudable (lawd-able) — highly praiseworthy; commendable lagging behind — falling behind; being slower than the others in a group; delaying; dawdling; lingering; straggling; trailing; sauntering citation (sy-tay-sh'n) — a note accompanying an award stupefied (styoo-pi-fied) — astonished; awed unabashedly — unashamedly; in an unembarrassed manner vindicated (vin-di-kayted) — a feeling of justice being done subsequently — later on; next; followed by inexhaustible — unending; over abundant intrigued (in-treegeed) — made curious; beguiled; fascinated Analysing What do you learn from the lives of the great people with disabilities? From the lives of the great people with disabilities, it is quite evident that physical deformity cannot be an impediment to success. If one is mentally strong enough then one can easily overcome those impediments and forge ahead in life leaving ahead the so called 'normal' people. Such people do not need pity; they require love and understanding, support and treatment as normal human beings. Aids to Comprehension
  • 2
    1. Chaitan a's roblems Lagging behind the expected standards of learning. Ill health. Handicap Il. The qualities of a special mother: Chaitan a's achievements Interest in craft, art, music, dancing and sports. Two prizes and a silver medal at the state level inter-school sports. Mental stren h. Never losing hope — 'My own faith in Chaitanya carrying him around'. 'If I required help for him in public places Unaffected by the reacfion of the people calmly'. Protecting the dignity of her child: 'The special school . . laudable'. Faith in herself and her child: 'And I, as his proud mother, would proudly ... other mothers of the world'. Patience and grit to achieve the most difficult task: 'The half, Incomplete person tickets were priced differently'. 111. 1. This one is already done for the students. 2. i. The first sentence shows how the mother struggled to maintain composure while discussing the problems of her child with overly curious people. ii. The second sentence shows how Chaitanya's mother derived strength from her inner self after watching her son. 3. i. In this sentence, the mother is shown to struggle in her sustenance of hope. ii. In this sentence, there is a visible change in her. Instead of searching for hope, she now feels proud to be a Special Mother. 4. i. The first sentence IS an epiphany of her confinuous struggle to prove to the world that her son's handicap is not really a handicap. ii. The second sentence definitely shows the visible change that has overcome the mother. Now she no longer need to prove to the world; now she wants to guide the rest of the world. 1. Through her experience of bringing up Chaitanya, the mother realised that every handicap can be overcome and every impossible task can be achieved if there is love, caring and sharing. The spirit with which life can be accepted is what matters in the end and that spirit needs to be nourished with love and care. His handicap did not matter any longer because both Cahitanya and his mother will be able to live with it happily forever. The mental strength that the author has derived from her son IS Inexhaustible. 2. The story of Chaitanya is definitely inspiring because it proves to us how the undoeable can be done even if there is a handicap. The only prerequisites for this are mental strength and an Indomitable spirit, coupled with love, caring and sharing.
  • 3
    3. Such a special child and their family can be helped by treating them as a normal human being and continuously encouraging them to overcome their debilitating factors. 4. The attitude of the people should not be that of pity or intolerance. People should be more understanding and accommodating in their attitudes. 5. Although when Chaitanya bought a half-ticket for himself in the bus, as an entitlement of being a student, his mother realised that may be Chaitanya was a small child in terms of age, but in reality, he was a fully developed human being. The significance of this incident is relevant for us too as it leads us to introspect about the concept of our own completeness. Although we consider differently abled people or people with lesser brain development with pity and think that they are incomplete as individuals, in their own ways, such individuals are more complete in their own world than those of us who are able bodied. This is because their will-power to strive and succeed is stronger than ours. 6. The title of the extract is absolutely meaningful because it raises a pondering question to our minds are the 'normal' people of the world completely full? Have they been able to overcome their shortcomings? In what way are they different from the 'handicapped' people? It is then that we realise the concepts of being 'normal' and 'abnormal' are actually misnomers. After reading the last line of the extract, we realise that more than pity, the people with disabilifies need our love, caring and sharing. 7. The writer emphasises that the family values which are considered to be most important are those of love, caring and sharing. If these are missing then family members themselves will be intolerant and harsh towards special children and they will be denied the opportunity to blossom as human beings. 8. Laws and provisions are necessary but not enough for according dignity to special children. More than laws and provisions, what is Important IS the necessity to have a changed social mindset. That is a difficult task but not impossible to attain. 9.* How did the special school prove to be good for Chaitanya? The special school proved to be good for Chaitanya because his confidence developed, he was adored by his teachers, his friends and his school staff. Also, his speech improved, expressions became clearer and his social manners grew laudable. Academically he was lagging behind the other students but that was considered to be okay. However, Chaitanya was found to be developing all-round interest In craft, at, music, dancing and sports. 10.* Give one example of Chaitanya's sporting excellence. To cite his sporfing excellence, it must be mentioned that in early 1997—98, he had won two prizes and a silver medal at the inter-school sports meet. These laurels were won in the athletics events and the silver-medal in a race. 11. Why do you think that Chaitanya's achievement was singularly remarkable? Chaitanya's achievement was singularly remarkable because without any kind of practice, he had competed with almost 1800 students from various schools all over the state. 12.* was the outcome of this singular achievement? Subsequently, Chaitanya was selected for the marathon race but could not participate because of health reasons.
  • 4
    Vocabulary 1. These two expressions do have differing connotations in the contexts they have been used. The first indicates the irritation and frown at a child with a handicap who, they feel is much inferior to them in terms of intelligence. The second sentence indicates the looks of pity that were cast at the mother and her child. 2. The feelings of the mother that they convey are the struggles that she underwent to stand up to society. It is the attitude of 'normal' people in society to look down upon 'abnormal' children. Their continuous browbeatings make the parents of so-called 'abnormal' children feel embarrassed. Also, there is a constant fear In the minds of the latter because of the innumerable prying questions people ask and the free, but often ridiculous and heartless suggestions that they give. Grammar 1. i. I miss my friends a lot. ii. There is room for a lot of boxes. lii. We have plenty to eat. You needn't buy more. IV. I don't have much experience. v. A lot of/ lots of/ many things need to be changed here. vi. We met after many years. We had plenty to talk about. vii. There's a lot of space for parking. You can bring your vehicle. viii. A lot/ much can be said about pollution in rivers. ix. A lot of/ lots of/ many students disagreed with reforms. x. I didn't enjoy the film much. 2. i. Enough care has been taken by the police. There is no more danger of riots. ii. She has been practicing regularly. She is no more afraid of losing the match. iii. It seems he knows mUCb_mQ.ce about the development but he is unwilling to share the Information. 3. i. In paragraph 'a' the tense that has been continuously used is the past tense. ii. For most of the sentences in paragraph 'b', the author has used the present tense. iii. Different tenses have been used in these paragraphs because the first one which has been cited, refers to the past. It reflects the author's early struggle. The second paragraph is about the present and the future. iv. The different tenses bring coherence to the narration by continuing to portray the picture of struggle that the mother has had to undergo in the early stages of her son's life and the sense of triumph she now feels because of Chaitanya's achievements.

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