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Practice Notes On English Literature

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The Notes that will help students to preapare their English Literature for their Board Exam.

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    The Turning Point of My Life Comprehending This autobiographical story by the famous Scottish physician-turned writer conveys the message that nothing can be judged as futile unless actually tried, and those who are determined to complete their tasks in spite of all barriers, actually taste success. Those who are half-hearted about their approaches, lack confidence to forge ahead and so, remain perennial non-achievers. Also, Cronin tells us that It is never too old to learn and lessons might come to us from the humblest of human beings and the lowliest of creatures. Thus, courage and determination to complete our tasks without any expectations whatsoever always lead to the paths of glory. The young doctor, frustrated with his uneventful life, is detected with gastric ulcer and advised SIX month's complete rest in the country and a complete milk diet. Enforced idleness was unbearable and he decided to take up writing. However, soon he began to lose focus as he suffered from self-doubts and threw away the manuscript, convinced that nobody would read his novel. A chance meeting with a farm-hand, changed his view as he learnt a lesson on perseverance and led him to finish the work in three months time. That novel turned out to be a best-seller. Note — There are two different spellings, 'Fine Farm' and 'Fyne Farm'. 'Fine Farm' is actually a misspelling of 'Fyne Farm'. Similarly, instead of 'a ready 2000', the text should be read as 'a steady 2000'. Also, the author has used U.S. English in the text and so students are advised to be cautious while answering in the Board Exams. Words — Meanings, Pronunciations, Thesaurus arduous (aa-du-us) — difficult and tiring mining assistantships serving as an assistant to a senior physician In the mining districts of Wales Instalment plan — in those days, junior doctors received patients from senior doctors as reference and had to pay for such references. Possibly, Dr. Cronin paid on an instalment basis gazed (gaised) watched long and closely frayed (fraed) worn out at the edges cheerful bedside manner — the manner adopted by doctors to cheer up their patients With smiles and reassuring words cabbies — the drivers of the horse-drawn cabs deadbeats (ded-beets) — penniless people; paupers stables; a many poor people in England used to sleep on the hay in the stable mews me-oos) to provide themselves with warmth backstreets — disreputable streets where illegal activities are conducted dermatology (da-ma-to-logee) — the scientific study of the skin and its diseases aural (aw-ruhl) — relating to the ear or sense of hearing paediatrics (pee-diat-riks) — the branch of medicine concerned with children and their diseases discarded (diss-karded) — get rid of as useless or unwanted perseverance (peh-severance) to continue to work in one field or in one way in spite of obstacles entreaties (n-tre-tees) — pleadings; requests bismuth (biz-muth) — a brittle, reddish grey metallic element resembling lead that is a common component of medicines
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    exile (eg-zile) a state of being barred from a place or thing; debarment excruciating (ex-kru-siating) — painful; awkward; tedious contention (kun-ten-shion) — heated disagreement; quarrelsome argument steading — a farm and Its building; a farmstead loch (lawkh) (in Scotland) a lake or a narrow strip of sea almost surrounded by land kirk (kerk) a Scottish church thistles (thi-cells) a plant with a prickly stem and leaves and rounded heads of purple flowers foreground — the part of a or picture nearest to the viewer peptonizing powders — medicinal powders that help in digesting agonizing — worrying; distressing; painful enforced idleness — idleness which has been forced upon someone because of illness or some other circumstance crazy (krae-zee) — Insane debarred (d-bard) — prevented tactfully (taktfully) skilfully avoiding a difficult situatlon whooping cough (hooping kuff) — loud continuous coughing accompanied by noisy breathing desolate (dess-uh-late) — bleak and empty; unpopulated surge (surj) rush scrubbed (skrubed) cleaned by rubbing hard dog-Latin prescriptions — prescriptions written in spurious Latin. Here, the purpose is to evoke laughter because the author had to, so long, write false prescriptions for otherwise healthy people dinner — the main meal of the day, eaten either around midday or in the evening, but it can also mean a formal evening meal. In the context of this story, the narrator implies the first meaning which actually implies lunch junket (jung-kit) a dish of sweetened curds of milk Daudet's Jack — this is a reference to the character of Jack, an illegitimate child, created by the great French writer, Alphonse Daudet. Jack appears In numerous stories of Daudet stillborn — born dead Pyrenees — a mountain range forming the border between France and Spain goaded (gohded) stimulated into action tribulafions (trib yuu-lay-sh'n) great trouble or suffering omitted — excluded naive (ny-eev) — lacking experience, wisdom or judgement lamentably (la-muhn-tuh-b'ly) — badly; regrettably a book containing word which have similar or related meanings thesaurus (thi-saw-ruhss) staggered — astonished sprawl spread out irregularly over a large area inevitable (in-evit-b'le) something that had to happen; unavoidable avalanche (av-uh-lahnsh) — an overwhelming experience toil (toy-el) — hard work; labour preposterously (pre-posterusly) — ridiculously; outrageously feverishly (fev'rishly) — tremblingly, in a flushed manner typescript — typed copy of a handwritten text appalled (a-pauled) greatly dismayed; disgusted presumptuous (prezumpshu-us) arrogant; bold; brazen lunatic (loo-natik) — madman; maniac sheer futility — absolute uselessness abruptly suddenly; unexpectedly sullen (sa-len) — ill-tempered; sulky bogged — marshy, mirey
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    peaty formed of partly decomposed vegetable matter formed in a boggy ground which IS dried for use in gardening or as a fuel heath — moorland; wasteland; open country croft (kroft) a small rented farm in Scotland or northern England Intention (in-ten-shion) — aim; end; plan reverence (rev'rence) — deep respect, admirafion, adulation, awe tacitly (ta-sitly) — silently; in an unspoken or unsaid manner weathered worn out cryptlc (kriptik) mysterious, obs cure dourly (dowerly) severely, gloomily canna (kanna) colloquial Scottish for 'cannot' resentment — bitterness; anger unquenchable — unsatisfied; not extinguished resolution — determination arid — dry; parched; torrid trivial — of little value; unimportant; insignificant; frivolous; paltry; petty dilemma (di-lem-muh) — doubt; problem; quandary; catch-22 transmuted (tranz-myooted) — changed; transformed; altered retreat — shelter; haven; asy um tramped walked with heavy footsteps soggy wet; drenched; dripping frantic — anxious; agitated; berserk finis — 'finish' in Shakespearean English emancipation (e-man-si-pa-shun) — freedom; liberty expedient (ik-spee-di-unht) — advantageous; advisable; apropos; politic chafe (shafe) — be impatient harness — get ready for action or work deliverance — release; freedom; emancipation radically completely; drastically; entirely resounds — echoes; reverberates wailing crying; howling Armageddon (ar-muh-ged-duhn) according to the New Testament, the last battle between good and evil before the Day of Judgement; a catastrophic conflict Analysing "Efforts may fail, but don't fail to make efforts." Anonymous 1. The factors that deflect us from reaching our goals are many but most of them are because of our own shortcomings. They include lack of self-confidence and perseverance. Also, poor time-management and laziness contribute greatly to such failures. 2. In fimes of crisis, what we actually need is inspiration. And such inspiration may be had of the simplest of things and humblest of people much below our own social standing. 3. Simple words or actions of others can become the turning point of our lives by showing us the values of virtues like perseverance and humility — two things that are most necessary for success. Aids to Comprehension
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    I. The rearranged sequence of events is as follows: 1. The doctor set up his practice in the West End of London. (8) 2. He himself was diagnosed with gastric ulcer. (10) 3. He was advised to take six months' complete rest. (12) 4. He began to live in Fyne Farm, near the village of Tarbert in the Scottish Highlands. (9) 5. He felt the enforced idleness more agonizing. (14) 6. He decided to write a novel, taking his enforced rest as an opportunity. (4) 7. He remembered his school master's encouraging words: "If it stops in your head, it will always be nothing. Get it down." (3) 8. He began writing 'the tragic record of a man's egoism and bitter pride.' (13) 9. He couldn't even succeed in writing an opening phrase of his novel. (15) 10. By the end of the second month, he could write only 2000 words. (6) 11. Due to depression, he threw the manuscript in the ash can. (1) 12. The turning point in his life was the words of the farmer, Mr. Angus: "If you only dig enough, a pasture can be made here." (7) 13. Encouraged by the farmer's words, the doctor wrote harder than ever. (5) 14. The novel was dramatized, serialized, translated into 19 languages and bought by Hollywood. 15. The writer learnt the lesson: "The virtue of all achievements is victory over oneself." (1 1 11. 1. The narrator was advised to take six months' complete rest because he was detected with gastric ulcer. 2. For his complete rest, the narrator stayed at Fyne Farm, a farmhouse, near the village of Tarbert in the Scottish Highlands. 3. In his idleness, the narrator decided to try writing a novel, which was his long cherished dream. 4. The narrator compares his condition to the poet in Alphonse Daudet's novel, Jack, whose poem never progressed beyond the opening line. This is because the initial condition of the narrator was similar. 5. The narrator was unprepared for writing his novels because of the realisatlon that he had written nothing substantial in all these years except for a few fake prescriptions for otherwise healthy people. In his whole life, he had never seen a thesaurus; the difficulty of a simple statement was staggering; he was at a loss for finding appropriate adjectives; and he corrected and re-corrected his sentences so many times that they looked almost like a spider's web, leading him to tear up the papers and start writing all over again. 6. The narrator seemed to be possessed by his writing because his characters took shape, spoke to him, laughed, wept and excited him. The obsession was such that often in the middle of the night, if an idea struck him, then he would get up, light a candle and sprawl on the floor until that idea was on the paper. 7. The narrator threw the manuscript in the ash can because he suddenly felt desolate and barren, having run short of ideas. This was compounded by a lack of self-confidence which was an outcome of reading over the typescripts of the first few chapters that arrived from his secretary
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    In London. The narrator felt that he had never read such nonsense in his life and that nobody would read it either. 8. The turning point In the life of the narrator was a meeting with the farmer, old Angus, who unwittingly taught him a lesson on perseverance and labour. The young doctor realised at once how half-hearted he had been in his approach towards his objective. 9. After that lesson from the farmer, the writer felt resentment and anger at his own lack of resolution. He went back home, fished out the soggy manuscript from the ash can, dried it over the kitchen oven and engrossed himself in work completely. Such was his resolve that he refused to be defeated and give up because of self-doubts and any other factor; and he wrote harder than ever before. Finally, after three months of intense work, the narrator finished the novel and experienced a sense of relief. 10. The most impressive qualifies of the narrator include his lack of egotism. This is manifest from his non-reluctance to treat patients of all kinds—nice, old ladies who paid handsomely as well as the downtrodden who could not pay and who were the worst sufferers and again from the grateful act of showing the publisher's letter to Angus who had given him the valuable lesson on perseverance. Secondly, it is also evident that the narrator is a man of action who does not like to sit idle. He had been a practicing assistant in the mining districts of Wales, set himself up as a doctor in West End, read medical journals, attended conferences, took up complex diplomas and still was not contented with life. Lastly, the narrator also possesses a sense of humour and irony which is also evident in his act of poking fun at himself at times. 11. 1. The doctor had patients of all types—from rich old ladies who paid handsomely for his cheerful bedside manners but were never actually sick, to poor cabbies, porters and deadbeats of the mews and backstreets of Bayswater who paid nothing and suffered a lot. 2. The narrator's schoolmaster had advised that if any Idea came to the head, then it should be noted down immediately before being lost. So, as soon as the idea of writing a novel came to the mind of the narrator, he set about to execute it by getting ready the necessary Ingredients. 3. Through his interaction with farmer Angus, the narrator realised the virtue of perseverance and the need to overcome one's weaknesses. The factors that ultimately lead to success or failure are more internal than external. The internal factors include lack of confidence, infirmity of decision, laziness and falling into a groove leading to no out-of-the-box thinking. 4. The narrator says that the success of his novel was communicated to him by his publisher. According to the publisher, his novel was chosen by the Book Society, dramatized and serialized, translated into 19 languages, bought by Hollywood and sold more than a million copies. 5. The narrator rightly says that the virtue of all achievements is victory over oneself. This is because in us lie the root causes of success or failure—our lack of confidence, our lack of dedication, our laziness, our fears and our irresolution—which can be overcome. Once these debilitating factors are overcome, we can taste success to unprecedented degrees. 6. (i) 'One day I developed indigestion.. .gastric ulcer'. (ii) 'Debarred from all physical pursuits.. .Christian names'. (iii) 'Often, indeed, in unguarded moments.. .whooping cough'.
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    (iv) 'As I went down to my milk and junket.. .in a remote valley of the Pyrenees'. (v) 'I had in my head clear enough.. .and started all over again'. 111. 1. How did the narrator manage to establish himself as a doctor in the West End of London? Prior to establishing himself as a medical practitioner in the West End of London, the narrator had worked arduously as an assistant in several Welsh mining hospitals. Then he acquired the current position from a family physician on an Instalment basis, who trusted him in spite of the narrator's frayed cuffs and cracked boots. 2. 'Yet there was something... '. What does the narrator mean? Although the young doctor treated everything that came his way, read almost all medical journals, attended conferences and took complex postgraduate diplomas, he still felt restless. For a time, the narrator was unsure of specializing either in dermatology, in aural surgery or In paediatrics but soon discarded all the options. Although he was working all through the days and almost half the nights, the narrator felt lacking in perseverance and stability. 3. Xhat was the actual cause of the narrator's indigestion? What had he expected initially? What was the remedy recommended to him? after resisting his wife's entreaties for several weeks the young doctor finally decided to consult a friendly colleague of his, all he expected was a bottle of bismuth and an invitation to play bridge. However, he was in for a shock because the narrator was detected with gastric ulcer. The remedy recommended to him was six months of complete rest in the countryside and a milk diet. 4. How was the place of exile chosen? Where was it? The place of exile, a small farmhouse near the village of Tarbert in the Scottish Highlands, was chosen after excruciating contenfion with his wife. 5. How has the narrator described the place? Do you think he liked living there? Although the description of the place seems to be picturesque a lonely whitewashed farmhouse on the banks of a rain-drenched loch, amid ferocious mountains rising into the grey mist with long-horned cattle, like elderly priests of the Kirk, munching thistles quietly in the background the narrator evidently found It to be depressing. That feeling was because of the fact that within a week of the enforced idleness he seemed to be going mad. Being debarred from all physical activities, he was reduced to feeding the chickens and learning to greet the disapproving cattle by their Christian names. 6. Xhat idea suddenly came to the doctor's mind to utllise his stay in the countryside? Why had he been so long discouraged from pursuing this activity? To make the best use of his time in the farmhouse, the narrator decided to write a novel, an idea which he had harboured for sometime but could not execute it. The reason behind this failure being his wife's lack of confidence in him and, therefore, a tactful diversion from the activity by an insignificant discussion about Johnnie Smith's whooping cough. 7. How did the narrator initially show his resolve in executing that long-cherished dream? As he stood on the banks of the Highland loch, the narrator raised his voice in a surge of self- justification and expressed his resolve to write a novel without caring whether he suffered from gastric ulcer or not because he considered this exile to be the opportunity which he always
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    lacked. Soon afterwards, he went and purchased two dozen penny exercise books from the village before he could change his mind. 8. Describe the room in which the narrator began writing his novel. The narrator wrote in his bedroom which was cold but clean, and had a scrubbed table and a very hard chair. 9. Xhat was the narrator's first experience while writing? The next morning, when he sat on the chair with the notebook open in front of him, the slow realisafion dawned upon him that in his enfire life, he had written nothing substantial other than dog-Latin prescriptions for his patients, let alone composed a significant phrase. Consequently, he gazed out of the window to think, but even after three hours, the page had remained blank. 10. How did the narrator's old schoolmaster goad him into action in his childhood? The narrator's schoolmaster always used to say that if there is some idea in the mind, then it should be promptly written down or else it would be nothing. 11. What was the narrator's progress in his attempt to write the novel? Initially, he could write only about 800 laboured words a day but by the end of the second month, it had risen to a steady 2000. 12. What was the narrator's realisation after reading the typescripts of the first chapters? The first realisafion of the narrator was that he had been a presumptuous lunatic and all his efforts in writing had been a sheer futility. 13. How did the narrator feel after throwing away his manuscript in the ash can? After throwing away the manuscript in the ash can, the narrator experienced a sullen satisfaction In his return to sanity and went for a walk in the drizzling rain. 14. according to the narrator, was the reaction of Angus, the farmer, when the latter heard what the former had done? Angus learnt of the narrator's action, his weathered face changed slowly, his keen blue eyes scanned the former slowly and contemptuously and before long, when he spoke, that too was In a cryptic manner. 15. Why did the narrator feel resentment at himself? The author felt resentful at himself because of the realisafion of his lack of resolufion something that Angus, the Farmer possessed. 16. What is the timeless problem of all mortality? The timeless problem of all mortality is the prospect of a reward in all that we do. In our greed for rewards, we tend to forget about values such as hard work and perseverance. Consequently, we end up doing everything half-heartedly. In reality, we should always do things that we enjoy doing irrespective of what the world thinks and without calculating the material benefits of our labour. 17. What did the narrator do after learning his lesson? After learning his lesson, the narrator went back to his farm, drenched, shamed and furious, and pulled out the soggy manuscript from the ash can, drying it over the oven fire. Then he began working on it with a franfic desperation and completed the manuscript in the next three months.
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    All the while, he reminded himself that he could not be beaten and his resolution could not be broken. 18. Describe the doctor's sense of relief. The doctor experienced a sense of relief and emancipation upon finishing his novel. He realised that he had kept his word to himself and ultimately created a book to his own satisfaction. It hardly mattered to him whether the book was read by others or not but, what was important was that he had kept the promise made to himself. 19. How did the narrator choose a publisher for himself? The narrator chose his publisher by the simple expedient of pricking a catalogue with a pin while his eyes were closed. 20. Why does the narrator refer to his last day in the village as the day of deliverance? The narrator terms his last day in the village as the day of deliverance because of the fact that in the days following the completion of the novel, his health improved considerably and he began to chaff at his restlessness. He was waiting eagerly to get back to work and start being busy once again. 21. Describe the author's last day in the village. On the last day, he went about saying good-bye to everyone in the village and when he entered the post office, the post master handed him a telegram from the publisher who wanted to meet him urgently. Out of a sense of gratitude, the narrator hurried to Angus to show the latter the contents of the telegram. 22. What is the way of closing the door to darkness and despair? The way of closing the door to darkness and despair IS to keep on doing one's job until it is completed to the satisfaction of the doer. Vocabulary 1. Medical Terminology 1. Specialist in female ailments: gynaecologist 2. Specialist in eye diseases: ophthalmologist 3. Specialist in emotional disorders: psychiatrist 4. Specialist in disorders of the nervous system: neurologist 5. Specialist in heart diseases: cardiologist 6. Specialist in the treatment of body and bones: orthopaedist 7. Specialist in straightening crooked teeth: orthodontist 8.*Specialist in natural medicines: naturopathist
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    9.*Specialist in curing diseases by bone and muscle manipulations: osteopathist 10.*Specialist in acupuncture treatments: acupuncturist 11.* Specialist in studying the causes of diseases: pathologist 12.* Specialist in administering X rays and other rays for cures: radiologist Attributive Adjectives An attributive adjective is an adjective that just precedes a noun. excruciating contention; medical journals; scientific meetings; gastric ulcer; munching (this has been wrongly included in the list); peptonising powders; physical pursuits; dreadful fool; immortal masterpiece; tragic record; bitter pride; presumptuous lunatic; sullen satisfaction; queer contempt; unquenchable flame; timeless problem; comfortable retreat; arduous advance; frantic desperation; cracked boots; frayed cuffs; wretched poet Grammar 1. Simple Past and the Past Perfect Tense The easiest way of remembering about the Simple Past and the Past Perfect Tense is according to the following formulae: Simple Past was / were + past participle Thus, in the second sentence, 'the thing haunted me' can be written as 'I was haunted by the thing'. So, it is an example of the Simple Past. Past Perfect = had been + past participle Again in the same sentence, the words 'had begun' have been used and so, it is an example of the Past Perfect Tense. Yesterday, after my friend (had) left, I started writing a letter. I had written only one sentence when I heard the postman calling me. He (had) brought me a parcel. It was a book, which I had from a shop in Mumbai. The postman (had) asked me to sign a receipt and when I signed it, he gave me the book and left. Then I sat down to read the book. It was so Interesting that I read it very quickly. When my friend returned that evening, I had finished reading the book. He had read the book the previous week, and we sat and talked till midnight, after we had eaten our dinner. 2. Types of Sentences There are three types of sentences: Simple, Compound and Complex. A Simple Sentence normally contains one statement (known as the main clause). For example: The train should be here soon.
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    A Compound Sentence contains two or more clauses of equal status (or main clauses) which are normally joined by a conjunction. For example: Peter resigned from the job and went trekking. A Complex Sentence is also made up of two or more clauses but they are not at all balanced. One of the clauses IS known as the main clause and the rest subordinate clause(s). Exerclse 1. Walking straight to the village, I bought two dozen penny exercise books. (Simple Sentence) I walked straight to the village to buy two dozen penny exercise books. (Simple Sentence) I walked straight to the village where I bought two dozen penny exercise books. (Complex Sentence) 2. Picking up my pen, I gazed out of the window. (Simple Sentence) I gazed out of the window since picking up my pen. (Complex Sentence) 3. Flinging it on the table, I set to work again. (Simple Sentence) After flinging it on the table, I set to work again. (Complex Sentence) As soon as I had flung It on the table, I set to work again. (Complex Sentence) No sooner had I flung it on the table, than I set to work again. (Complex Sentence) 4. Dispatching the completed manuscript, I promptly forgot about it. (Simple Sentence) As soon as I had dispatched the completed manuscript, I promptly forgot about it. (Complex Sentence) After I had dispatched the completed manuscript, I promptly forgot about it. (Complex Sentence) No sooner had I dispatched the completed manuscript, than I forgot about it completely. (Complex Sentence) 5. Going upstairs, I began to get it down. (Simple Sentence) I went upstairs to begin to get it down. (Simple Sentence) As I went upstairs, I began to get it down. (Complex Sentence) As soon as I went upstairs, I began to get it down. (Complex Sentence) No sooner did I go upstairs, than I began to get it down. (Complex Sentence) 6. Taking it straight away, I showed it to John Angus. (Simple Sentence) I took it straight away to show it to John Angus. (Simple Sentence) I took it straight way so that I could show it to John Angus. (Complex Sentence) 7. Having successive ideas of specializing on dermatology, surgery and so on, I discarded them all. (Simple Sentence) I discarded all the successive ideas of specializing on dermatology, surgery and so on. (Simple Sentence) No sooner had I successive ideas of specializing on dermatology, surgery and so on, than I discarded all of them. (Complex Sentence) As soon as I had successive ideas of specializing on dermatology, surgery and so on, I discarded all of them. (Complex Sentence) More Exercises Classify the given sentences as Simple, Complex or Compound.
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    1. Down the lane, past the house, and into the field ran the runaway horse. 2. Alberta is famous for the Calgary Stampede, but it is also known for its oil reserves. 3. it started raining, they got soaked. 4. Motorists must be careful when they drive, because moose are often on the road. 5. Compare margarine, which is edible oil, with butter, which is made from milk. 6. During the locomofive era, Canada built a railway across the continent. 7. Mr. Jones has a lot of books, and he is well informed about current events. 8. Taxation without representation was a common complaint two hundred years ago. 9. Before I was born, my mother worked as a receptionist. 10. Don't tell me you can't find your backpack! Extension 1. Angus: Good Morning, Sir. X/hat brings you to this heath in this cold, drizzling rain? (Standing up and raising his hat to a person who is socially superior) Dr. Cronin: Good Morning, Angus. Well, I am actually savouring the peace and calm that has eluded me for the past three months. (Touching his hat in response) Angus: Beg pardon, Sir, but I did not get your meaning. (Looking quite confused) Dr. Cronin: Remember that novel I was writing? It was actually driving me crazy all these days and so, after going through the typescripts of the first few chapters from London by my secretary, I decided that it was rather foolish of me to try and write a novel which I myself found it tedious to read. I daresay that not a single person would have read a novel by a person who has not written beyond a few prescriptions all his life. Angus: You stopped writing the novel? (Incredulously) Dr. Cronin: Yes, Angus. I am through with it and just threw the manuscript in the ash can. (With a feigned sense of relief) Angus: No doubt you are the one that's right, doctor, and I'm the one that's wrong. .. . My father ditched this bog all his days and never made a pasture. I've dug it all my days and I've never made a pasture. But pasture or no pasture, I canna help but dig. For my father knew and I know that if you only dig enough a pasture can be made. Dr. Cronin: (Slightly taken aback and then With an overwhelming sense of realisation) Angus, thank you! You have done me a great favour right now. You have opened my eyes! I will finish it now! (Dr. Cronin hurrying back to his farmhouse and Angus looking at him with bewilderment) 2. You: Dr. Cronin, welcome to our show and thank you for sparing us your valuable tlme. Dr. Cronin: Thank you. Thank you. Actually the pleasure IS mine. You: Doctor, if you don't mind, shall we directly go into the heart of tonight's show. Your fans are actually eager to hear more about you from you. Dr. Cronin: Sure, not a problem. Go ahead with your questions. You: Doctor, you are a medical practitioner by profession; so, what exactly is your line of specialisatlon? Dr. Cronin: To be frank, nothing! I have actually given up the medical profession and decided to concentrate solely on writing. You: Really? That is a surprisingly welcome news for your fans. Next question, Doctor. Xhat exactly was the illness you were suffering from? Dr. Cronin: Gastric ulcer. A result of unhealthy food habits from my mining assistantship days in Wales. You: That's rather unfortunate! Why did you choose Tarbert as the place of exile? Dr. Cronin: (with a laugh) Actually it was my wife's idea.
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    You: Tell us something of the most depressing moments you experienced while writing the novel. Dr. Cronin: Although I had started writing with a great deal of enthusiasm, but there was a momentary depression towards the middle of the novel because It seemed to be a tedious and futile exercise. I was sure nobody would read my work. You: So, what brought you back on track? What was the source of your inspiration? Dr. Cronin: A small incident with a humble human being was the turning point. The farmer, John Angus, taught me the virtue of perseverance through his simple attitude towards life. He told me something that opened my eyes and I felt so ashamed at myself for accepting defeat so easily that I got back home, fished out the manuscript from the ash can where I had thrown it and began writing frantically until it came to an end. You: Wow, that's great! Finally, what would be your parting message to your fans? Dr. Cronin: Do what you actually like to do and don't look for rewards, for the greatest reward is self-satisfaction at the completion of a job. Thank you.

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