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Notes On English Words And Meaning

Published in: English
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The Notes will help student to know the meaning of the words and how to use them.

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    A Boy with a Mission Comprehending This is a story about a young boy, Reuben, from a poor Canadian family who is determined to give something to his mother as a Mother's Day present. His father was a fisherman and his mother somehow managed to stretch the family income to feed their five children. Under such circumstances, it was a luxury to buy his mother some gift and he decided to raise it somehow. Since he was determined to give his mother a Mother's Day gift, Reuben pleaded with the shopkeeper to hold the chosen gift for some time so that he could earn the money to buy it. Reuben began his mission by selling discarded sacks to the local factory from where people bought nails to build their own homes. For each sack, he got five cents. For weeks on end, Reuben's only mission was to find burlap sacks around town and re-sell them to the factory owner. In the end, he was able to buy a brooch with 'Mother' written on it in golden lettering. The story communicates two messages to us: firstly, if one is determined then anything can be done and, secondly, giving a gift to someone can bring immense pleasure. Words — Meanings, Pronunciations, Thesaurus flour-sack shirt shirt made from the coarse material of sacks which actually contain flour washed out trousers — discoloured trousers that due to confinuous washing folk (fohk) people ruffled (rufeld) — disturb the smoothness; rumpled; tangled; tousled loping long and bounding stride — the length of a step while running or walking burlap (ber-lap) — coarse canvas woven from jute or hemp discarded (dis-karded) — abandoned as useless; got rid of; cast off; chuck away; dump flurry — here, a number of buildings forming a circular pattern; a swirling mass rambling — here, the wooden building itself seemed to make noise by virtue of being swung by the sea breeze barn (baan) — a large farm house meant for storing hay or grain or for housing livestock gilded — decorated with gold; here, the sunlight fell on Dora's hair and it shone like gold blond hair yellow or golden hair a lever worked by the foot to run a machine treadle (tredl) erupted — exploded; belched; gushed; issued; spewed tremor (tremuh) — shaking; vibratlon; solemnly (sol-umh-ly) — formally; in a dignified manner; sedately retrieved (re-tree vd) — bring back; extracted blur (bluh) — unclear; indistinct brooch (broosh) — badge; clasp; clip; an ornament that can be fastened to the clothes finery (fy-nuh-ri) showy clothes or decoration Analysing
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    1. Receiving gifts fills us with a sense of joy. So does giving gifts to our loved ones. are we so nostalgic about it? We feel nostalgic about both receiving and giving gifts because of the emotions attached to them. Giving someone a gift is actually making someone happy and that in itself is a very happy experience. It makes you remembered, loved, respected and it strengthens your bond with the receiver. 'Reuben hid the tin and ran down the street, searching.' 1. The text is about a young boy from a poor Canadian family who uses his own ingenuity to earn money and buy a Mothers' Day gift from the savings. 2. Reuben did not share his secret with his family members because he wanted to give a surprise gift to his mother. 'The shadows were lengthening when Reuben.. 1. Reuben's secret gift was an almond-shaped brooch, on which 'Mother' was written in golden letters. It was enclosed in a blue velvet jewel box. Reuben did manage to collect the right amount to buy the gift for his mother. 2. Reuben gifted it to his mother on Mother's Day. 1. 1. Reuben did not share his mission with anyone in the family because he wanted to give a surprise to his Mother. 2. collecting the amount needed for purchasing his gift, Reuben faced the difficulty of having to go on his secret mission after school and after completing the chores on a holiday. These took up most of his fime and he had to manage somehow. 3. The tears in Dora's eyes were the tears of happiness. For the first time she felt so special in her life. For the first time in her life, she received such a gift. She had no finery except her wedding gift. 4. Reuben's wife admired her husband's loving and caring nature. For her, he had never changed from the loving boy who had gifted his mother that brooch. 11. 1. When and where does the incident described in the story take place? How old was Reuben at that time? The incident took place at Bay Roberts, Canada, in 1945. At that time Reuben was 12 years old. 2.* What was the price of the thing he wanted to buy? Why was it beyond his capacity? The price of the coveted object was five dollars. This price was beyond his means because Reuben hailed from a very poor family for whom five dollars meant almost a week's groceries. 3.* Why couldn't Reuben ask his father for the money?
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    Reuben could not ask his father for the money because all that the latter earned was from fishing and his mother somehow managed to stretch it to feed and clothe the entire family. 4. Do you think that the title of this text is meaningful? In what way? The title of the text is very significant because it is actually about the mission of giving a gift to someone. And the text itself proves what are the trials and tribulations that one has to undergo to give a gift to someone. All these things together make the process of gifting someone something to be very rewarding. 5.* What did Reuben ask of the shopkeeper? What reply did he get? Reuben asked the shopkeeper whether the item of his fancy could be held on to for sometime so that he could raise the money and pay for it. To this, the shopkeeper replied, that it could be kept for sometime because the inhabitants of the area were generally poor and did not have much money to spend on such things. 6.* 'There was purpose in his loping stride'. What was the purpose? Reuben's purpose was to raise the five dollars needed to buy the gift without telling anybody. 7.* idea did Reuben have about raising that money? How did he execute that idea? Hearing the sound of hammering from a Side street, he ran towards it to reach a construction site. Then he realised that the inhabitants of the place generally built their own homes and for that they purchased nails in burlap sacks from the nearby factory. Reuben realised that these sacks, which were discarded after use, could be resold to the factory at five cents each. To execute his plan, Reuben was always on the lookout for discarded sacks and devoted all his spare hours to his mission. So, the entire summer vacation was spent in it despite the fact that he had other chores to attend to. Even when the school reopened in autumn, Reuben scoured the streets after school-hours for his mission. 8.* did Reuben hide the money which he collected? Reuben kept the money in a rusty baking-soda tin that was hidden under a pile of sweet-smelling hay on the loft of the ancient barn that was near their house. 9.* Describe Reuben's family. Reuben had four siblings and his father, Mark Earle, was a fisherman. His mother, Dora was a beautiful woman with shoulder-length blond hair, whose only priority was the upkeep of her family. Dora's daily tasks were never-ending sewing clothes for the family on her old Singer treadle machine, cooking meals and baking bread, planting a vegetable garden, milking the goats and scrubbing the soiled clothes on a washboard. But, Dora enjoyed doing her work. 10.* What did Reuben find when he uncovered the tin can? Reuben uncovered the tin can to find that there were still twenty cents less to make up the amount for what he wanted to buy. 11. What had Reuben actually bought with the money he earned? was the occasion?
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    With the money earned, Reuben had bought a small, almond-shaped brooch on which the word 'Mother' was written In golden letters. The occasion was the Mother's Day of 946. 12.* What was the only other finery that Dora possessed other than Reuben's gift? The only other finery possessed by Dora, besides Reuben's gift, was her wedding ring. 13.* and at what age did Dora die? What was her will? Dora died in 1983 in Toronto at the age of seventy-five. In her will, she left behind her most valued possession, the brooch, to her son, Reuben. Vocabulary 1. Onomatopoeia means a word describing sound. Some examples of onomatopoeia from the text are: rambling, tremor, hammering 2. (i) I have warned him many times. Nevertheless, he jumped the signals. Now he is paying for lt. (ii) Our team was expected to lose the match. Nevertheless, we were disappointed. (lil) I couldn't attend school due to my illness. Nevertheless, I got first class. (iv) He had informed us that it would not be possible for him to attend the ceremony. Nevertheless, everyone was nervous and disappointed. Revision (i) a. Sometimes when his mother would ask Reuben where he was because they were waiting for him for supper, he would reply that he was playing and say sorry for it. b. When the shopkeeper asked him to return the come back the next day, Reuben pleaded that he had to sell the sacks then itself. (ii) a. Reuben told the shopkeeper, 'I want to buy a gift'. b. Reuben murmured quietly, 'Thank you' Extension 2. How 1 Found My Treasure Trove of Just last week my father asked me to remove the trash from my cupboard so that it could be replaced by a newer and larger one. Gleefully I set about my task so that all the important books, notes and stationary could be temporarily stacked in a new place before finding their way into the newer and larger cupboard. However, I had no idea that the exercise would be one of the special moments of my life. This is because it rekindled so many old and pleasant memories. One of the first things that came my way was the old geometry box with the protractor and the set squares still intact but the ruler's edge and markings worn out. The compass and the divider had crooked needles because of the various uses they were put into. I remembered how some of us used the divider to pry open the caps of the cold-drink bottles during an after-school birthday party or the carvings we made on
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    the desks with these Instruments. The geometry box was actually a gift from my class teacher of Standard 6 because I had scored the maximum marks in Mathematics during one of the mid- semester exams. Next, I came across a painted aluminium mug which served as my pen-stand and the assortment of pens that were one very much coveted but now out of use because of one reason or the other. Most of these pens were either birthday gifts or as a result of trading story-books and comics with friends. Just behind the pen-stand was my pocket chess board. Absolutely intact. Also the rubric cube beside it and the scrabble board game. The rubric and the scrabble boards were passed on to me as a legacy from my elder brother before he went off to join the Indian Navy. I was in middle school at that time. There was also an old calculator, which my father had gifted to me for topping the class in Standard 7. I still remember the round of applause when my name was announced by our Principal Sir. That was the proudest moment for my parents. On another shelf, my junior school text books, notebooks, atlas, globe, story books and comic books were kept. Some of them had already started yellowing and in some, one or two pages were beginning to come off. In one corner of that shelf, there were also my project works and science practical notes. There was a big, blue file with a zipper running around it, which contained all my score cards and certificates right from Standard 1 to the present. The file was also my brother's legacy. On the last shelf, there were my sports items, my first and only cricket bat, presented by my uncle when I was in Standard 2. At that fime, I was only as tall as the bat was but still managed to hit the balls with it. Also, there was a deflated football, a pair of roller skates, football boots, shin guards and a cricket helmet. Initially I disliked playing with the helmet on, but a hit on the forehead with a tennis ball while practicing for an inter-school tournament and the consequent swelling taught me the vital lesson of using it every time thereafter. The roller skates were most prized because I had bought them by saving from my pocket money. That was in Standard 9. I wanted them badly after watching the boys and girls of the school which had hosted the Inter- school football tournament the previous year. The old memories flooded in and made me feel nostalgic. Just before my Impending schoo leaving board exams, they provided a welcome break to me from my mundane life of rigorous preparations.

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