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Notes On English Words And Meaning

Published in: English
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The Notes will help student to know the meaning of the words and how to use them.

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    A Yawning Divide Comprehending The author gives a humorous account of the difficulties faced by people regarding waking up early in the morning. There are some people who are perennial late risers and cannot wake up on time, try how much they want and there are people are perennial early risers and they expect people also to be ready for them that early. Overall, this chapter makes a funny reading, quite different from the earlier chapters. Words — Meanings, Pronunciations, Thesaurus munch — chew noisily turned over a new leaf — a popular expression meaning changed one's habits completely snooze — short light sleep but here it actually means the button in our alarm clocks that delays the ringing of the alarm tendency — inclinafion league (leeg) club; group unabashed — unashamed; unembarrassed slumber-land — land of sleep induced dreams appalled onlookers shocked spectators edge in life — advantage in life upshot — the eventual outcome or conclusion lad young boy dash off— run off hurriedly simultaneously — at the same time chores (kores) — household work intricate — complicated and detailed Analysing Preparation 1. Some of the proverbs and Idioms associated with 'time' are: a. Time and tide wait for none. b. A stitch In time saves nine. c. Better luck next tlme! d. At the nick of time. e. Never leave till tomorrow what can be done today. f. You can fool some people all the fime and all the people sometimes, but you cannot fool all the people all the time! g. Early to bed, early to rise, makes a man healthy, wealthy and wise. h. There is a ways a next time. i. The early bird catches the worm.
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    2. From the sketch and the description we learn the lesson that those who are always early get the advantage over their rivals. Aids to Comprehension 1. 1. Late risers miss the trains on a regular basis. 2. It's almost as if they live in different time zones and different countries. 3. All over the country, things are likely to be pretty much the same in this respect. 4. The writer's sister, a teacher, and her husband, a doctor, wake up at 4 a.m. every day. 5. It is learnt that the garbage man turns up at the writer's sister's house everyday at five in the morning. 11. 1. Some people have never seen a sunrise because of the fact that they have been perennial late risers. 2. The husband of one of the relatives of the writer goes for a 'morning' walk at 1 p.m. 3. The writer is an early riser. This is evident from the manner he advocates the habit of rising early. However, he does not advocate the idea of rising too early. 4. The writer says so in a humorous vein. Such people finish their morning rituals, their walks, their tea and the daily diet of news before most people wake up. In fact, they are also in the habit of making long distance calls early in the morning to people with habits similar to their own. By the morning, such people would finish discussing all types of news and end up having to do nothing for the rest of the day. 5. According to the writer, the early birds are those people who wake up early in the morning. In the context of the narrative, the early birds are his sister and her husband, a loved one who has recently turned a new leaf and the elderly people. 6. The father would be left shaking his head thinking about the strange lifestyle of the present generation. They are used to getting up at ten in the morning, fooling around a bit and then dashing off to college while simultaneously zipping up their jeans and sending text messages on their phones. 7. The writer's sister and her husband would get up at 4 in the morning every day because they intend to spend some quality time before getting with their frantic schedules.
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    8. The writer's sister finishes her household work by 6 a.m. every day. 9. According to the writer, the proper time to invite late risers and early birds for a celebration IS at five in the evening. 111. 1. The purpose of the text is to induce people to wake up early in the morning and to maintain a healthy lifestyle. But, there is also a caution against rising up too early! 2. This piece of writing is humorous and reflective. The reflections in the text are related to maintaining a healthy lifestyle by getting up early in the morning. To get his point across, the writer has laden the text with several anecdotes. 3. The title of the text is significant. It clearly differentiates between two types of people—the early risers and the late risers. 1. are the characteristics of late risers that the writer mentions? According to the writer, late risers always munch their breakfast on way to work, regularly miss trains and are late for office. They have never seen a sunrise or met the milkman. 2. does the writer say about a loved one? The writer says that a loved one was always In the habit of pressing the snooze button of the alarm clock a hundred fimes before getting up and felt terribly sorry for this tendency but could really do nothing to change the habit. Every morning she found it just impossible to wake up early. Her habit changed only with divine intervention. 3. Why does the author say that another relative of his has no plans of joining the league of early risers? The writer says so because the concerned relative is rather unabashed about the fact. 4. Why can that relative be forgiven for feeling like that? The author feels that the relative can be forgiven for feeling thus because her husband IS a media person who IS used to returning home well after midnight. 5. What are the oddities of the practice that the author mentions? The oddities of the practice, as mentioned by the author are going for a 'morning walk' at one in the afternoon and meeting the neighbour's son going for an early morning jog while returning from a night out. 6. According to the author, what is the upshot of such varying tendencies and habits? The upshot of such varying tendencies and habits is that both kinds of people can be found within the same household and more often they get to meet each other only after weeks. They are, thus, like strangers living in different countries or fime zones.
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    7. What funny things does the writer mention regarding the daily habit of his sister and her husband getting up at four in the morning? The author humorously mentions that because of the news of their peculiar habit, the garbage man comes in at five in the morning and once when the doctor, his sister's husband' had to get himself operated, it was scheduled at 5:30 a.m. He only hopes that the operating team had slept well on the night prior to the operation so that they might not have made any mistake for a long term after-effect. 8. Why does the author feel that 5 .p.m. is the best time for a rendezvous of all the people of different sleeping hours? This is because it IS the only fime in the day when people can be found to be up and kicking. At other fimes, people would start yawning and prepare for bed according to their individual schedules. Vocabulary 1. Compound words: breakfast — closed up or without a hyphen sunrise — closed up or without a hyphen milkman closed up or without a hyphen loved one — separate words late riser — separate words snooze button — separate words shrug off — separate words divine intervention — separate words early bird's club separate words midnight — closed up or without a hyphen slumber-land — hyphenated heatwaves — closed up or without a hyphen onlookers — closed up or without a hyphen notwithstanding closed up or without a hyphen early morning jog separate words long distance — separate words upshot — closed up or without a hyphen household — closed up or without a hyphen separate words time zones rubbing-eyes hyphenated dash off— separate words zipping up — separate words separate words text messages newspaper — closed up or without a hyphen garbage man — separate words undergo closed up or without a hyphen unheard of — separate words
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    operafing team 2. a. frantlc b. household c. doctor d. league e. club f. news g. garbage man Grammar separate words 'Discourse markers' or 'linking words or' or 'linking phrases' or 'sentence connectors' (words like however, although and nevertheless) link the different parts of a sentence. The examples of such discourse markers in the text include sentences like, 'Until a loved one.. 'Try as she might... ', 'Only when divine interventlon... ', 'To be fair... ', 'By the time most of us wake up... ' and 'Any other hour.. Extension 1. F-102, Laburnum Park Pune Dear Anuj, Hope you are well. Thought about writing to you because I have heard that of late you are not focusing properly on your work and spending most of your tlme with some new found friends in the neighbourhood. My purpose of writing this letter is not to lecture you on what is good or what is bad but to caution you about the regret that follows lost time. Remember, time once lost, cannot be recalled and 'Time is money'. It is good that after a hard day's work you meet and socialise with your friends but one should always be aware of the limits. One of your seniors told me that you are not being punctual at office and seem to take no interest in your work. If you don't like your work and feel suffocated by it, then I would suggest you to change it immediately and do whatever you feel like doing, whatever you always wanted to do. But do not let the opportunities go by. If they go away now, then later on it would be too late for you to start something anew. You are old enough and don't need to be lectured. You understand very well what is good and what is bad for you. Only keep In mind that everybody around you has high expectations from you. It would be really proud moment for me to see my brother as an achiever. However, for that, prioritisation is very important along with proper time management. Your loving elder brother Ganesh

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