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CBSE Class-X History

Published in: English | Geography | History
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  • Harpreet K

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The Subsidiary Alliance is discussed in this note.

  • 1
    Subsidia Alliance Lord Wellesley (Governor — General 1798 — 1805), drafted the "non — intervention policy" by virtue of which the Indian states were annexed and ceded to the British sovereignty. Key features of the policy — (a) An Indian ruler entering into Subsidiary Alliance with the British had to dissolve his own armed forces and accept British forces into his territory. (b) He also had to pay the subsidy for the British army's maintenance, and if he failed to make the payment, a portion of his territory would be annexed and ceded to the British. (c) In return, the British would protect the Indian state against any foreign or internal revolt. (d) The Indian states ceded to the British regime were — The Nizam of Hyderabad (1798), Tipu Sultan (Mysore 1799), the states of Awadh (1801), the states of Peshwas (1803).

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