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Published in: English | Geography | History
  • Harpreet K

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  This note is about Subsidiary alliance, the doctrine of lapse, the immediate cause of great mutiny of 1857.

  • 1
    1. Ans. Briefly describe the key features of Subsidiary Alliance. Subsidiary Alliance — Lord Wellesley (Governor-General 1798 — 1805), drafted the "non- intervention policy" by virtue of which the Indian states were asked to enter into an alliance with the British government and the Indian states were subjected to British sovereignty — The Nizam of Hyderabad (1798), Tipu Sultan (Mysore, 1799), Awadh( 1801), The States of Peshwas ( 1803). Key features The Alliance are — (a) An Indian ruler entering into Subsidiary Alliance with the British had to dissolve his own armed forces and accept British forces into his territory. (b) He also had to pay the subsidy for the British army's maintenance, and if he failed to make the payment, a portion of his territory would be annexed and ceded to the British regime. (c) In return, the British would protect the Indian state against any foreign attack or internal revolt. 2. Briefly describe the key features of Doctrine of Lapse. Lord Dalhousie (Governor - General 1848-56), drafted the policy by virtue of which the Ans. Indian states ruled without a legal male heir, were asked to be annexed and ceded to the British Government, leading to the arousal of anger amongst the Indian rulers having deprived from the privilege to appoint the heirs of their choice. Key features of The Lapse are — (a) Any princely state under direct or indirect control of East India Company having no legal male heir, would be annexed by the Company. (b) As per this, the adopted son of the Indian ruler could not be proclaimed as heir to the kingdom. The adopted son would only inherit his foster father's personal property and estates. (c) The Indian states annexed under the policy are — 3. Ans. Satara(1848), Jaipur(1849), Sambhalpur(1849), Udaipur(1852), Jhansi( 1853) and Nagpur( 1854). Describe the immediate cause of the Mutiny of 1857. Introduction of Enfield cartridges — The British Government introduced the Enfield cartridges greased with animal fat, and the Indian soldiers were asked to make the use of those. The Hindu and Muslim soldiers refused to abide by the rule, as it was against their religious fervour to cut open the bullets greased with animal fat, and henceforth, the Indian soldiers under the leadership of Mangal Pandey, the Indian soldier posted at Meerut, revolted against the British regime, and gradually, the revolt spread from Punjab in the North to Narmada in the South, from Rajputana in the West to Bihar in the East.


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