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1. Napoleonic Civil Code of 1804, abolished (a) All the privileges based on birth (b) Established equality before law (c) Secured the right to property (d) All the above Correct answer – (d) Explanation – Napoleonic Civil Code of 1804 abolished all the privileges based on birth, established equality before law and secured the right to property.

  • 1
    LESSON PLAN CBSE X SUBJECT - HISTORY CHAPTER 1 - THE RISE OF NATIONALISM IN EUROPE Frederic Sorrieu (1848), a French painter prepared a series of four prints visualising a 'Utopian' world where people belonging to United States of America, Switzerland, France, Germany, Austria, the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies, Lombardy, Poland, England, Ireland, Hungary are grouped as distinct nations with their flags and national costume as the national identity. The Statue of Liberty was depicted as a female figure with a torch of Enlightenment in one hand and the Charter of The Rights of Man in the other. The shattered image of the earth foretells the dismantling of the Absolute monarchical institutions. The term 'Absolutist' refers to as a monarchical and centralised government, and states absolute authority. ERNST RENAN, a French scholar defined the Nation as "the culmination of a great endeavours, sacrifice and glory rendered by the people of diverse beliefs working towards the common good of the people as a whole." The term Plebiscite refers to as a direct vote by which the people of a region are asked to accept or reject a government referendum. THE FRENCH REVOLUTION The French Revolution (1789 β€” 1799) led to the emergence of nationalism in Europe paving the way for the introduction of French constitution entrusting the citizens with the equal rights as French citizens. The French terms La patrie (the fatherland) and le citoyens (the citizens) laid emphasis on French citizens enjoying equal rights under the French constitution. The National Assembly was elected by the members to ensure efficient administration and uniform laws for all citizens was formulated. Napoleon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 β€” 5 May 1821) was a French statesman and military leader who introduced reforms popularly known as NAPOLEONIC CIVIL CODE in 1804 to facilitate efficient administration and economic trade across Europe. NAPOLEONIC CIVIL CODE (1804) (a) abolished all privileges based on birth, established equality before law and secured the right to property, (b) abolished feudalism and freed the peasants from serfdom, (c) Guild restrictions were removed, (d) Created a common national currency to facilitate free trade across Europe. Napoleon's invasions were resented by several countries due to increased taxation, censorship and forced conscription into army, restricted trade and language issues and dominance of aristocracy in administration.
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    THE TREATY OF VIENNA (1815) Duke Metternich, a German statesman and Austrian Chancellor conferred the TREATY OF VIENNA in 1815 to prevent the onset of imperialism in Europe and dismantling the Napoleonic regime. Britain, Russia, Prussia and Austria participated in the Treaty of Vienna in 1815 under the leadership of Duke Metternich, Austrian Chancellor for the settlement of Europe. The main features of the Treaty of Vienna (1815) are β€” (a) Restoration of Bourbon dynasty, (b) Creation of States β€”the Netherlands in the north, and Genoa added to Piedmont in the south, created on the borders of France to prevent French expansion; Prussia was sent to the western frontiers and Austria was led to control North of Italy.


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