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  • Piyali C

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    • Qualification: MA in Education
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    What is a Noun? A Noun is a word used as a name. Nouns can be persons, places, things, or ideas The names of ersons are nouns• as Adam Victoria General Ta lor Dr. Ben•ami ranklin The names of countries, cities, towns, rivers, mountains are nouns• as Scotland Ne ork, Missouri River, Rocky Mountains, Atlantic Ocean The names of things that can be seen, heard felt smelled, and tasted, are nouns; as men, thunder, heat, roses, sugar The names of things that are not seen but are simply thou ht of are nouns• such as art eath, happiness, patience genius. Examples of Noun Naming Peopl t could be a name of any person, for example: John, Fatima, Singh Michael Tom and so on Naming Placeg t could be a name of an lace, for example: America, China, Church, Taj Mahal, Paris an so on Naming Thing Naming things are like Car Hat Bottle Table Chair Ball and so on Naming Animal' og, Rabbit, Elephant, Chicken, Horse Naming Feeling/QuaIities/Idea$ Joy, Fear, Beauty, Strength, Anger Example Sentences I live in Australia Jenny is my sister. I love to play with my d The name of this monkey Pacific Ocean is v Types of Nouns Proper Nou Common Nou Collective Noun Possessive Noun Number Nouri Compound Nou r/ Countable Nou Uncountable Nogp Masculine Nou Feminine Nou Proper Noun ames of people or places such as your name, your friend's name, your parents' name o he name of your town and country are special naming words. These words are called proper nouns. Special naming words or proper nouns always always begin with acapita e t ter
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    1. xample Sentences of Pro er Nou My name is Mark Her name is Sofie Come Tom, let us go for a walk Hello Jack! Will you play with me My cousin lives in Norway These bears are from China Albert Einstein was born in Germany I visited the Taj Mahal in India Fio and Laa are close friends: Understanding ProperNoun9 Thedays of the week and the months of the year are proper nouns Example Sentences Every Sunday Mike visits the church Christmas comes in the month of December My sister was born in March monthl Sam goes for swimming classes every Friday The names of festivals and some special days are proper nouns Example Sentence Christmas is my favourite festival My mother likes Mother's Day We will celebrate New Year's Eve The names of buildings, mountains rivers and seas are also Example Sentence I have seen the Great Wall of China. Last year we visited the Niagara Falls Many people have climber the Mount Everest River Nile is vervJong, Common Noun roper nouns ommon nouns are naming words that are common to people, places, things and animal etc. Common nouns do not define any particular person, place or thing. They are general names. So, they are not capitalized unless they begin a sentence. For example boy, girl, doctor, town, city, dog, car and so on Example Sentences of Common Noun Teachers teach in school Birds live on trees I love to read storybooks Sally's mother is a doctor These chocolates and cakes are so delicious dentif and learn about ro er nouns and common nouns in the list of sentences below Son roduces cameras too
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    1. Alicia and Cathy were playing with a doll, Sandy is joining school today Hens have laid eggs at Todd's farm The postman Mr. Robert was carrying postcards n above examples the words in purple colour are roper noun whereas words in green olour are common nouns Collective Noun ollective nouns are used to name a group of persons, places, animals or things. A collectiv noun represents a complete whole. For examples: a library of books, a team of players and a family of four Some collective nouns are used to name a group of animals and birds A flock of sheep A herd of cattle A stud of horses A gaggle of geese A litter of cubs A flock of birds A shoal of fish A pack of wolves A swarm of bees Some collective nouns define a groupofpeople A crew of sailors An army of soldiers A band of musicians A class of pupils A troupe of actors A panel of judges. A gang of robbers There are some collective nouns that stand for a group of things. A bunch of keys A pile of clothes A collection of books A string of pearls A set of stamps A galaxy of stars A pack of cards An atlas of maps A bouquet of flowers bunch of grapes Fxample Sentences of Collective Noup My maternal aunt bought me a pair of tennis shoes At the playground, you get to observe a colony ofants. A pile of clothes was kept on the bed
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    I need to finish an agenda of tasks before I leave. There is a network of computers in Joseph's office Possessive Noun IA possessive noun is a word that names who or what has or owns somethin epostrophe and s ('s) to form the possessive of most singular nouns Example Sentences of Possessive Noun This is Bob's skateboard. (Means — The skateboard belongs to Bob This is Ian's Coat. (Means — The coat belongs to Ian) Papa bought a new frame for grandpa's spectacles Ted's dream for a bicycle came true on his birthday Julia's homework was not checked . We add a Sometimes we need to show possession for plural nouns or where the owners are mor han one. In such cases we add an apostrophe at the end A girls' school is located near my house We should not harm the birds' nests Number Noun umber nouns denote one or man There are two kinds of number nouns Singular number noun — It stands for one person, animal, thing or place Plural number noun — It stands for more than one person, animal, thing or place For example: One toy, three balls, two dogs, five cars, nine planets and so on. enerally, by adding a 's' at the end we can change a singular noun to a plural noun &reare different rules we follow to change a singular noun to a plural noun When a singular noun ends with a ' or example City — Citie Lady — Ladie Story — Storie after a consonant we remove the ' and add ties' Consonants are all other letters except vowels a e i o u Rule f there is vowel before ' or example Boy — Boy Day — Day Trolley — Trolleys To -Toy •ust add s to form its lural
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    ule hen a singular noun ends with 'o' after a vowel, add 's' to make it a or example Bamboo — Bamboo Radio — Radio Video — Video Rule 4 lural noun hen a singular noun ends with 'o' after a consonant, we add les' to make it a or example Tomato — Tomatoes Volcano — Volcanoe Hero — Heroe lural noun. 't is also possible that for few nouns ending with 'o' preceded by a consonant„we add th etter 's' to form their lurals or example Piano — Piano Photo — Photo Rule 5 If a singular noun ends with a sound like 's' such as 'ss' 'sh' 'ch x z Itch' we add les' t make it plural or example ox— ox Watch — Watc Dress — DresseS Quiz — uizz Rule If a singular nounendswith 'f' the 'f' into 'v' and add les' to make it plural For example, Life — Live Calf — Calve Loaf — Loaves Knife — Knive Irregular Plura lurals of some nouns remains the same For.example, Fish — Fish Deer — Dee Cattle — Cattle Sheep — Shee
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    Bison — Biso Plural of some nouns are totally different from their singular form or_example. Mouse — Mice Ox — Oxen Cactus — Cact Child — Children Man — Me ome nouns are always plural like pants, jeans, shorts, tongs, scissors, hair and sun lasses Compound Noun ompound nouns are formed by joining two nouns together. There are three different way o form compoundnouns The closed form, like notebook, firefly and keyboard. The hyphenated form, like x-ray, co-pilot and mother-in-law The open form, like post office, history book, mineral water Example Sentences of Compound Noun Ian looked at his timetable It was going to be lunchtime The basketball match was scheduled in the afternoon Just after the breakfast, Matt rushed to his tracksuit X-rays were discovered b Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen Countable Noun Nouns that can be counted are called countable nouns. Most of the nouns come in th eategory of countable nouns rather than uncountable nouns because they refer to things people or animals that can be counted xample Sentences of Countable Nou I saw two owls sitting on the tree There are four milk bottles in the fridge My father has two cars I need an umbrella to get out in the rain, To make this cake we need an egg Note: We use 'the' for some singular nouns which are uni ue one of their kind . Fo example: The Earth, The Sun, The Moon etc Uncountable Noun ouns that cannot be counted are called uncountable nouns. Uncountable nouns als nown as 'mass noun. We cannot count certain things in numbers such as milk, rain, sugar, water, jam. We have to ose words like — a glass of milk, a jar of sugar, a jug of water or a bottle of jam. We can use erms like — a little, plenty or a bowl of with uncountable nouns. Though these nouns can b easured the cannot be counted. Such nouns do not have a singular or lural form
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    he Noun: Gende oun words can be divided into masculine and feminine. Masculine Nouns asculine nouns represent males: Bo s men and male animals. For example: Prince, man king, boy, cock, lion etc Feminine Nouns, eminine nouns represent females: Girls, women and female animals. For example: Princess, woman, queen, girl, hen, lioness, etc But there are some nouns that represent both males and females. For example: Children grtists, principalsteachers, singers, lawyers, etc


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