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CLASS 1OTH CBSE ENGLISH NOTES

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chapter 3 with full description

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    CHAPTER-3 1 "THE LETTER' By:- Dhumaketu 10th ENGLISH Textual Questions 1. Who was Ali? Where did he go daily? Ans. Ali was an old man who had once been a famous shikari. His only daughter Miriam had married a solider and left him to go away with her husband to is regiment in the Punjab. Since the last five years Ali had no-news of this daughter for whose sake he dragged along a cheerless existence and went every day to the pos office to wait for a letter from her. 2. 'Ali displays qualities of love and patience . Give evidence from the story to support the statement. Ans. The story 'Th Letter' IS bullt around Ali's love for his daughter. After his daughter Miriam got married an went away ith her husband to the Punjab, Ali missed her deeply. He gave u shikar as after being parte from his daughter he came to understand the pain of parting. He went to the post office daily to wait for a letter from his daughter. He followed the routine for five years espite getting no news from her. Every day he waited patiently for his Miriam's letter despite jokes and rebukes from the post office employees. 3. How do you known Ali was a familiar figure at the post office? Ans. The post office is referred to as Ali's place of pilgrimage, a journey which he undertook daily. Ali always occupied a particular seat in a particular corner of the building, and when the people got to know this habit of his they laughed at him. The
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    2 postmen began to make a game of him. Even though there was no letter for him they would call out his name for the fun of seeing him jump and come to the door. 4. Why did Ali give up hunting? Ans. Once Miriam went away with her husband, Ali understood the meaning of love and separation. He gave up hunting partridges as he could no longer enjoy the sportsman's pleasure and laughter at the bewildered terror of the young partridges whose parents he had killed and who had been left bereft of their parents. 5. The Postmaster says to Ali, 'What a pest you are brother!' Do you agree with the statement? Ans. No, Ali is not a pest. Though Ali comes daily to the post office, he waits patiently without disturbing anyone. Hope lure 1m to the door whenever the post office employees jokingly call out his na e. Bu when erealizes hey have been joking with him, he does not rebuke them. He silently goes and sits on his seat, not bothering or troubling anyone. 6. 'Ali came out very slowly, turning after every few steps to gaze at the post office. His eyes were filled with tears of helplessness, for his patience was exhausted, even though he still ha faith, why were Ali's eyes filled with tears of helplessness? What had exhausted his patience but not his faith? Ans. Ali's eye were filled with tears of helplessness as he had yet again received no letter from his daughter, Miriam. The long wait, and the Postmaster's sharp rebuke made tears of helplessness well up in his eyes. He had no patience to come to the post office any longer where people jested with him and rebuked him. But his love for his daughter gave him the faith that she would write. He gave the clerk Lakshmi Das dive gold golden guineas and told him to forward Miriam's letter to him to his grave. 7. 'Tortured by doubt and remorse, he sat down in the glow of the charcoal Sigri to wait.' Who is tortured by doubt and remorse? Why? What is he waiting for?
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    3 Ans. The Postmaster is tortured by doubt and remorse. He now realizes a father's anxiety and worry. As his daughter is sick and he's awaiting news of her, he understands Ali's anxiety. He realizes he has been rude to Ali's and is filled with regret at his behaviour. He sits down to wait for a letter from his daughter who is sick. 8. What impression do you form of the Postmaster after reading the story 'The Letter' ? Ans. At first the Postmaster is haughty and arrogant. He dismisses poor Ali as being mad. One day when Ali inquires after his letter of him, the Postmaster Very rudely rebukes him and tells him that the post office employees would not at IS letter. Being unimaginative, he is not able to understand another person's pain till he suffers himself. But the Postmaster is ready to admit his mistake. As-soon as e sees I • 's daughter's letter, he picks it up and decides to hand it over to Ali personally. e even a companies Lakshmi Das to Ali's grave to place the letter here, isplaymUÄ1is compassionate nature. 9. Ali in the story 'The Letter' is a lonely man. How does the writer bring out Ali's loneliness? Ans. Ali lived with his daughter In the village. Now she was married and had gone away to Punjab with her husband. Ali was now all alone. Every day he went to the post office and sat there on a bench utside the post office, waiting for his daughter's letter. The writer whil escribin li's journey to the post office says he walks his lonely way, where except for th occasional bark of a dog, the distant steps of a workman going early to work, or the screen Of a bird disturbed before its time, the whole town was wrapped in deathly silence. 10. What made Ali a good shikari? Ans. Ali had the hunter's instinct in his very blood and bones. A clever shikari, his skill and love for the hunt made it impossible for him to pass a day without hunting. Due to his sharp eyesight, Ali sighted the earth-brown partridge, almost invisible to other eyes. His
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    4 sharp eyes saw the hare crouching even when the dogs failed to see the creatures cunningly hidden in the yellow brown scrub. 11. Whom did Ali meet on his way back from the post office? What request did he make to him? Ans. On his way back from the post office, Ali met one of the post office clerks, a fellow called Lakshmi Das. Ali stopped him and gave him five golden guineas. He told the clerk that he was dying and that day was his very last day. But he had neither seen Miriam nor had he received any letter from her. He told the clerk to keep the money, but to keep Miriam's letter when it came, on his grave. 12. Why did Ali not come to the post office for several days? Give reasons for your answer. Ans. Ali did not come to the post ffice o several da s probably because he was very sick. We can conclude this fro the fact that before this for the past five years he had not missed coming to the post office for his letter Moreover, when he came, it was a struggle for him to breathe and on is face were clear signs of the approaching end. 13. What brought about a change in the Postmaster's attitude? Ans. The Postmaster's ttitude changed when his daughter lay ill in another town, and he was anxiou lywaiting fo newspf her. This worry and anxiety about her changed the Postmaster. HIS uffering father's heart recognized another. When he saw an envelope of the colour and shap he was expecting he eagerly snatched it. It was addressed to Coachman Ali. The haughty temper of the official quite left him in his sorrow and anxiety, and his human heart was laid bare. He knew at once that this was the letter the old man had been waiting for: it must be from his daughter Miriam and he decided to personally hand over the letter to Ali. 14. What difference did the Postmaster notice in Ali?
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    5 Ans. Ali was still the meek old man, bent double with age. The tears were wet on his face as they had been when the clerk left him. But his features had been hard then, and now they were softened by lines of kindliness. He lifted his eyes and it them was a light so unearthly that the Postmaster shrank back in fear and astonishment. 15.Describe the Postmaster. Ans. The Postmaster was a man with a face as sad and as inexpressive as a pumpkin. He did not display and signs of liveliness or excitement in his expression or behaviour. Men such as he usually worked as village schoolmasters, office clerks or postmasters as they did not have imagination and resourcefulness. He camed out his job without compassion or feeling. He did not understand Ali's feelings till hi own daughter fel sic 16.Give a short description of Ali. Ans. Ali was an old man, bent double with age. He was poor and wore torn clothes. He learnt heavily on his stick as he walked. He had a sharp eyesight and in his youth had been a good shikari. His sharp eyes could see he hare even when the dogs failed to see it. He lives alone in the village ever since his daughter, Miriam, had got married and gone with her husband to the Punjab. Reference to the Context Type Questions 17.Read the following passages taken from 'The Letter' and answer the given questions: 18. Who is the writer of "The Letter". ? Ans. "The Letter" is written by "Dhumaketu". 19. The writer carefully builds up an atmosphere of loneliness and grief in the story. Working in groups, pick up words/phrases from the story that build up the atmosphere. Copy the following table in your notebook and complete it. Loneliness Grief An old man was walking through the town, now The whole town was wrapped in deathly silence.
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    and again drawing his tattered clothes tighter to shield his body from the cold and biting wind. His lonely was Except for the occasional bark of a dog, the distant steps of a workman going early to wok, or the screech of a bird disturbed in deathly silence. The old man, shivering at times but fixed of purpose, plodded on. 6 The intense winter cold The bitter cold He dragged along a cheerless existence Now he understöod the meaning of love and separation. He sat down under a tree and wept bitterly. 20.Complete the table by explaining the following phrases/sentences in your own words. Phrases/Sentence Happy memories light up a life that is nearing its close. The sounds helped him along his lonely way The cold use sleep extend its sway over all things even as false friend lulls his chosen victim with caressing smiles. When the evening of his life was drawing in, he left his old ways and suddenly took a new turn Meanings Ali was old and approaching death. At this time, recollections p! happier times brought joy to his unhappy life. Ali wa walking down a deserted street early in t morning. The familiar sounds of grinding mills, and the sweet voices of women singing at their work gave him comfort and the courage to walk on. Just as a false friend uses sweet words and false smiles to reassure and lay to rest any suspicion in the heart of his intended victim, the cold weather, too, deceives its victims by soothing them into sleep and killing them as they sleep. As he became older and approached the end of his life, Ali gave up his old habits and occupation (hunting animals) and changed his attitude and his lifestyle.
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    The whole universe is built up through love and that the grief of separation is inescapable The postmaster, a man with a face as sad and as inexpressive as a pumpkin, would be seen sitting on his chair inside The haughty temper of the official had quite left him in his sorrow and anxiety, and had laid bare his human heart. 7 The basis on which this universe revolves is love and if one loves someone, the pain he faces when he is separated from his loved one is unavoidable. The postmaster was an unimpressive person with a sad and vacant look on his face. The shared grief related to their respective daughters had made the postmaster give up his arrogant attitude .His sorrow and worry about his daughte aroused compassion and understanding.

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