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CLASS 1OTH CBSE ENGLISH NOTES

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chapter 1 with full description

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    1 "TWO GENTLEMEN OF VERONA" By: - A.J. Cronin CHAPTER-I Textual Questions 1. Why didn't Luigi, the driver, approve of the two boys. Ans. Luigi, the driver didn't approve of the tw appearance. He didn't like the way they were d sed i hair. 2. Why were the narrator and his co nion presse beca ENGLISH of their shabby their tangled the two boys? Ans. The narrator and his companio ere i ssed a tracted by the sincerity and honesty of the two boys. They ed b d th abby appearance of the two boys. When they looked into e dark ey the s, they found sincerity and willingness to work in their eye 3. Why was the au or rpm to see Nicola and Jacopo working as shoeshine boys? Ans. The a untered the two boys the previous day as fruit-sellers. Therefore, he wa rprise to see them working as shoeshine boys. 4. How were the boys useful to the author? Ans. The two boys were very useful to the author as they performed a number of tasks for the author which included procuring a pack of American cigarettes or seats for the opera or the name of a good restaurant where he could eat. They also took him around the city to show him the sights. 5. Why were the boys in the deserted square at night? What character traits do they exhibit?
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    2 Ans. The boys were in the square at night waiting for the last bus from Padua. They wanted to sell the news papers to the passengers who came off the bus. This shows their capacity and willingness for hard-work. They didn't care about their own tiredness. 6. The narrator asks the boys, "Must you work so hard? You both look rather tired." They boys reply, " We are not complaining, sir." ? What do you learn about the boys from their reply? Ans. The two boys worked very hard without any complaints, this shows their sense of commitment and devotion. Their hard work and self-respect at that young age did not allow them to slacken their work as they had to pa their Sl 7. When the narrator asks the boys about th plan t ey a they not disclose their problems? 's treatment. a eve. Why do Ans. The boys were self-independent. didn want an e to interfere in their life their own. They didn't want and pity them. They wanted to ful 1 eir re Ibi 1 to ask any one for favours bec of t self- ect. That is why they were evasive when the author asked boys the ans. 8. Do you think boy o ed afte ucia Willingly? Give reasons for your answer. Ans. Th various job s looke cia Willingly. They worked so hard and performed fte end on themselves. They never looked to others for help or to pay for Lucia's treatment. Even they didn't disclose for sympathy a ey ea their plans to the aut 9. How does the story "Two Gentleman of Verona' promise hope for society? Ans. The two boys-one thirteen and the other twelve had shouldered responsibility for their ailing sister. They worked hard and tirelessly without asking anyone for help. The two boys also had a well-developed sense of patriotism and duty towards their country. At a very young age they joined the Resistance against the Germans who ruled over the city.
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    3 10. Justify the title 'Two Gentlemen of Verona'. Ans. A gentleman is a person who is gentle and considerate for the feelings of others and treats other with respect. He has high standards of proper behaviour and responsibility. He is mindful of his duty and carries it out with dignity. The two boys are gentlemen as they were dignified and conscientious. They were sincere and hardworking. They carried out their duty towards their country by joining the Resistance. They shouldered the responsibility of looking after their sister Lucia and paid her hospital bills by working hard without expecting help from anyone and they did this with dignity and pride. 11. Give a brief character sketch of Nicola and acop Ans. Nicola and Jacopo are two brothers. O • of 1 arso nd other is of 12 years old old. Both the boys are hardworking n self- iant. r co ne character sketch is as under: Appearance:- Nicola and Jac dirty old hes which were too large for them. Their appearance was ve shabby. y ha gle air and dark skin. Sufferers:-Both t oys h difficulties in their 11 Resourc I Both th oys t their ents and their house. They faced so many e resourceful. After loosing their own house they made their own s Hardworking:- any job. la and Jacopo were very hardworking. They were willing to do Devotion to their sister:- Both the boys had great devotion to their sister. They did so many jobs to earn money so that they could pay for her stay in hospital. They did not spend money on themselves. Dignified:- Both the boys were dignified. They never asked anyone to help them. 12. In what way is Jacopo different from his elder brother?
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    4 Ans. Jacopo was a brave boy and even after loosing his parents and house, his spirit did not break. He was younger of the two brothers. Jacopo was childish and innocent. He was naughty like squirrel. He took up the narrator on his offer of help but Nicola did not like that. In this way Jacopo was different from his elder brother. 13. What impression did the narrator form of the boys at first? Ans:- The narrator saw that the boys worked very hard. They did many jobs till late night. They spent very little money on themselves. He thought that boys were saving money to emigrate to the United States to lead a better life. 14. Where did the boys go every Sunday? Why did O? Ans. Every Sunday the boys went to the hospita Pole meet sister Luica who was admitted there. She was sufferin 15. What were the narrator's fee •ngs did they undergo and why 9 berc is o spine. ut o boy t first? What changes Ans. At first the narrator was imp ed by har ork of boys. He also thought that two boys were saving m y fo e Ives. t when he saw them with Lucia, he realized they were d for thel 'ling sister, he was filled with admiration. ng s 16. How did the war fe family? e bo Ans. The ath awi wer, a well-known singer, was killed in the early part s, a bomb destroyed their home and the three children were of the war. Sho afte thrown into the stre They suffered horribly from near starvation and exposure to the cold winter. For months they had barely kept themselves alive in a sort of shelter they built with their own hands amidst the rubble. When the Germans ruled the city for three years, the boys joined the resistance movement. The hardships and suffering led to the sister developing tuberculosis of the spine. 17.Appearances are deceptive. Discuss with reference to the two boys.
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    5 Ans. It is true that appearances are deceptive and it is clear from the story. In the Given Story, 'Two Gentlemen of Verona', the two boys are not attractive by looks. Their appearance is shabby. They wear dirty and old clothes. But actually they are gentlemen as they have all the qualities of a gentleman. They are hard working, honest, responsible. Though they don't look attractive yet they are actually gentleman. 18. Name the author of the story, 'Two Gentlemen of Verona'. Ans. 'Two Gentlemen of Verona' is written by A.J. Cronin. 19. Reference to the Context Type Questions Read the following passages taken from 'Two Gen I and answer the given questions: 1. One boy had on a worn jersey an army tunic gathered in loose fol abo t-o is haki ts; t other a shortened •n fram Yet, gazing at the two little figures, with their brow ski tang hair an ark earnest eyes, we left ourselves strangely attracted. (a) What quality of the s di the n ator? The narrator was att (b) How i the narr He helped th ys by th onesty in their eyes. r h the b ys? 1 g their fruit. (c) How does then ator show the poor condition of the boys? The boys were wearing torn and oversize clothes. 2. Next morning, coming out of our hotel, we saw our friends bent over shoeshine boxes beside the fountain in the public square, doing a brisk business. We watched for a few moments, then as trade slackened we went over. They greeted us with friendly faces. (a) Whom does the narrator refer to as 'our friends'?
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    6 The narrator refers to Nicola and Jacopo as 'our friends'. (b) What were the 'friends' doing? The boys were shining shoes in the town square.

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