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Formation And Position Of Adverbs

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Formation and Position of Adverbs

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    L-3: ADVERBS Formation and Position of Adverbs Adverbs are used to say how, how often, where or in what manner we do something. • She danced very gracefully. • They were all chatting happily when we arrived. • He drove carefully along the icy road. • The technician explained the problem very clearly. • Tom often travels by train. • The children are playing outside. • Jane really likes that band. Formation of adverbs Most adverbs are formed by adding -Iy to the adjective : For adjectives ending in -y, -e, -ic, the adverbs are formed as follows : Some exceptions: Adjective slow careful happy humble historic good hard fast early late daily straight Adverb slowly carefully happily humbly historically well hard fast early late daily straight N.B. Although they end in -Iy, the following words are adjectives, NOT adverbs : friendly, lively, lonely, lovely, silly, ugly for example : a friendly person, a silly remark, an uglyduckling, and so on . Position of Adverbs Different types of adverbs go in different positions. Type Position These adverbs usually go after the verb. They go after the object. manner If the object is long, the adverb can go before the verb. They go after the verb 'be'. They go before all other verbs. Between two verbs if there are frequency two. After the first verb if there are more than two. Before two verbs if the second Example He spoke clearly. He read the instructions carefully. He slowly moved the newspaper and picked up the book. Tom is often late. Eva sometimes takes the bus. You can always change it later. I would never have found the way. We generally try to eat healthy food.
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    place degree verb is an infinitive. Frequency phrases (e.g. once a week) go at the beginning or at the end of a sentence. Here, there, inside,etc. usually go at the end of a sentence. Really, quite,etc.usually go before the verb. If there are two verbs they go A lot, very much, etc. go at the end. Every so often Anna goes to the library. She plays tennis once a week. Come and sit here. They are waiting inside. I really love that dress. I would just like a glass of water. He watches television a lot.


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