Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) has published notification about National Defence Academy (NDA) and Naval Academy (NA) exam II 2018 to be connected. Prior to your exam preparation, it is important that you must understand and have all the knowledge of the exam pattern and the eligibility criteria.
Exam pattern for NDA & NA exam will provide aid to the students to know the parameters of the exam such as, the time duration for the exam, which sections will be asked in the exam, number of questions that will be asked from each section and the marks distribution for it.
The total number of vacancies for NDA & NA 2018 is 383. The online application of NDA (II) has already started.
This article contains each and every detail that is required to know by the candidates who are applying for NDA & NA. It will even help you to enhance your preparation for the exam.
Important dates:
Vacancies for NDA & NA (II) Exam 2018:
S. No. 
Name of the Academy 
Name of the Wing 
Total Vacancies 
1. 
National Defence Academy 
Army 
208 
Navy 
39 

Air Force 
92 

2. 
Naval Academy 
44 

Total Vacancies 
383 
NDA 2018 Eligibility Criteria:
Note:
NDA 2018 Age Limit:
Education Qualification Required:
(A) For Army Wing:
Candidates who have appeared/ appearing or completed 12^{th }(10+2) or equivalent examination, from central or state board/ university for this exam.
(B) For Air Force and Naval wings:
Candidates who have appeared/ appearing or completed 12^{th} (10+2) or equivalent examination, from central or state board/ university with Mathematics and physics as the compulsory subjects, can apply for NDA exam.
Physical Standards for NDA 2018:
Every candidate who is applying has to go for medical examination before submitting their application form. The belowgiven list consists of the physical standards for the exam.
Height and Weight Standards for NDA Exam:
The applicant must have a height of 157 cm (162.5cm for Air Force). For the candidates living in the NorthEast part of India and Gurkhas, the height can be 5cm less than the abovementioned height. The minimum acceptable height can be reduced by 2 cm for the candidates belonging to Lakshadweep.
NDA Height and Weight Chart:
Here is the index for Height and Weight standards for the NDA exam:
(A) For Army /Air Force Wings
Height (in cm) (without shoes) 
Weight (in kg) 

1617 Age Group 
1718 Age Group 
1819 Age Group 

152 
42.5 
44.0 
45.0 
155 
43.5 
45.3 
47.0 
157 
45.0 
47.0 
48.0 
160 
46.5 
48.0 
49.0 
162 
48.0 
50.0 
51.0 
165 
50.0 
52.0 
53.0 
168 
51.0 
53.0 
54.0 
170 
52.5 
55.0 
56.0 
173 
54.5 
57.0 
58.0 
175 
56.0 
59.0 
60.0 
178 
58.0 
61.0 
62.0 
180 
60.0 
63.0 
64.5 
183 
62.5 
65.0 
66.5 
(B) For Naval Wing
Height (in cm) (without shoes) 
Weight (in kg) 

1617 Age Group 
1718 Age Group 
1819 Age Group 

152 
44 
45 
46 
155 
45 
46 
47 
157 
46 
47 
49 
160 
47 
48 
50 
162 
48 
50 
52 
165 
50 
52 
53 
168 
52 
53 
55 
170 
53 
55 
57 
173 
55 
57 
59 
175 
57 
59 
61 
178 
59 
61 
62 
180 
61 
63 
64 
183 
63 
65 
67 
Special Requirement as a Pilot in The Air Force:
Parameter 
Minimum 
Maximum 
Leg Length 
99.00 cm 
120.00 cm 
Thigh Length 
 
64.00 cm 
Sitting Height 
81.50 cm 
96.00 cm 
The table below shows the NDA & NA (II) 2018 exam pattern:
S. No. 
Exam Name 
Duration 
No. of Questions 
Maximum Marks 

1. 
Mathematics 
2 ½ hours 
120 
300 

2. 
General Ability Test 
English 
2 ½ hours 
50 
200 
General Knowledge 
100 
400 

3. 
SSB Interview 

50 
900 

Total 
1800 
Question and Marks distribution for the General Ability Test:
S. No. 
Name of Subsection 
No. of Questions 
Marks Per Question 
Total Marks 
1. 
English 
50 
4 
200 
2. 
Physics 
25 
4 
100 
3. 
Chemistry 
15 
4 
60 
4. 
General Science 
10 
4 
40 
5. 
History 
20 
4 
80 
6. 
Geography 
20 
4 
80 
7. 
Current Events 
10 
4 
40 
Total 
150 
 
600 
Vision Standards for NDA Exam:
(A) Vision Standards for Army:
Better Eye 6/6
Worse Eye 6/9
Myopia should not be more than 2.5D including astigmatism.
Hypermetropia not more than +3.5D including astigmatism.
(B) Vision Standards for Naval Services:
(C) Vision Standards for Air Force:
(i) Running 2.4 km in 15 minutes
(ii) Skipping
(iii) Pushups and situps (Minimum 20 each)
(iv) Chin ups (Minimum 8)
(v) Rope climbing 34 metres.
This is the routine of the potential candidate in Defence Services. So, candidates are advised to take care of their physical fitness.
Selection Process of NDA & NA (II) Exam 2018:
The candidates who are applying will have to undergo the belowmentioned selection process for the NDA & NA exam to join NDA or NA academies.
1. Written Test It will comprise 2 exams (Mathematics and General Ability Test).
Below here you can find the syllabus of NDA & NA (II) Exam:
Syllabus of Mathematics for NDA & NA Exam:
Questions in the mathematics section will be asked from the following topics:
Name of the Topic 
Subtopics 
Trigonometry

Triangle Properties, Trigonometric Ratios, Inverse Trigonometric Functions, Measurement of Angle (Degrees & Radians), Trigonometric Identities Sum & Difference Formulae, Applications. 
Algebra

Complex Numbers, Conversion, Progressions, Linear Inequations, Permutations & Combinations, Logarithms, Quadratic Equations, Binomial Theorem, Venn Diagram. 
Differential Calculus 
Continuity of Functions, One to One, Onto, Inverse, Composite Functions, Increasing & Decreasing Functions, Limits, RealValued Functions, Range & Graph of Functions, Derivatives 
Vector Algebra

Scalar Multiplication, Dot Product, 2D & 3D Vectors, Force, Magnitude & Direction, Vector Addition, Types of Vectors. 
Integral Calculus & Differential Equations 
Integration by Substitution & By Parts, Order, Degree, & Formation of a Differential Equation, General & Particular Solution of a Differential Equation, Standard Integrals, Exponential & Hyperbolic Functions, Solution of FirstOrder & First Degree Differential Equations, Determination of Areas of Plane Regions Bound by Curves. 
Matrices & Determinants 
Types of Matrices, Determinant, Adjoint & Inverse, Applications, Cramer’s Rule & Matrix Method, Different Operations on Matrices, Basic Properties of Determinant. 
Analytical Geometry of Two & Three Dimensions 
Ellipse, Hyperbola, Circle, Distance Formula, Angle between Two Lines, Standard & General Forms, Cartesian Coordinate System, Equation of a Line, Eccentricity, Axis, Distance of a Point from a Line. 
Statistics 
Frequency Distribution, Cumulative Frequency, Classification of Data, Histogram, Mean, Median, Mode, Pie Chart, Variance, Standard Deviation, Frequency Polygon, Correlation, Regression. 
Probability 
Outcomes & Associated Sample Space, Binomial Distribution, Random Experiment, Events, Bayes’ Theorem, Union & Intersection of Events, Conditional Probability, Random Variable, Elementary Theorem, Binomial Distribution. 
Syllabus of General Ability Test for NDA & NA Exam:
(A) Syllabus of English (Part A)
This section would comprise of questions from the following topics:
(B) Syllabus of General Knowledge (Part B)
Name of the Topic 
Subtopics 
Physics 
Mass, Force, Velocity, Current, Momentum, Sound Waves, Specie Gravity, Gravitational Force, Power, Magnets, Earth as a Magnet, Weight, Energy, Motion, Temperature & Heat, Mirrors & Lenses, Conductors, NonConductors, Change of State, Density, Archimedes’ Principle, Newton’s Laws, Work, Cells (primary & secondary), Pressure, Volume, Parallelogram of Forces, Stability & Equilibrium, Propagation of Light, Human Eye, Reaction & Refraction, X Rays, Ohm’s Law, Electricity, Simple Music Instruments. 
Chemistry 
Atom, Atomic Equivalent, Physical & Chemical Changes, Oxidation and Reduction, Properties of Air, Properties of Water, Acid, Bases, Salts, Carbon, Fertilizers, Chemical Equations, Elements, Mixtures, Compounds, Molecular Weights, Valency, Preparation of Soap, Cement, Glass, etc., Preparation and Properties of Oxygen, Oxygen, Nitrogen, Carbon Dioxide. Section C – General Science Growth & Reproduction, Cells & Tissues, Difference Between Living & NonLiving Organisms, Human Body & Organs, Common Epidemics, Solar System, Achievements of Eminent Scientists, Food & Balanced Diet. 
History 
Five Year Plan, NITI Aayog, India Independence, Renaissance, United Nations, Russian Revolution, French Revolution, Industrial Revolution, Panchsheel Democracy, Indian History (cultures & civilizations), Indian Constitution & Administration, Socialism, Communism, Impact of Science & Technology on Society, American Independence, Panchayati Raj, Bhoodan Sarvodaya, Role of India in the present world, Basic Teachings of MK Gandhi, National Integration & Welfare State. 
Geography 
Earth (origin, shape, size, & movement), Weather, Rocks, Ocean Currents & Tides, Latitudes & Longitudes, Condensation, Precipitation, International Date Line, Earthquakes, Volcanoes, Geography of India, Climate, Natural Vegetation, Atmosphere (layers & composition), Minerals, Agricultural & Industrial Activities, Sea, Land and Air Routes of India, Import & Export in India, Temperature, Cyclones, Anticyclones, Atmospheric Pressure, Winds. 
Current Events 
Latest Events from India & around the world – Politics, Eminent Personalities, Sports, Cultural, Awards, Finance, Banking, Science, Cinema, Government Policies, Presidents, Prime Ministers, & Capitals. 
2. SSB Interview (It contains Intelligence and Personality Tests).
3. Medical Test.
Note:
All the best for your exam and selection in NDA & NA