Understanding the game of Chess: Miniature war game

Understanding the game of Chess: Miniature war game

Chess is a recreational and competitive game played between 2 players.

Chess had originated in India and from there traveled to China and also through Arab world to Europe.

There are historical references that chess was used as a tool to teach military strategy to princes. That is probably how chess acquired its nickname: "The Royal Game".

The game Chaturanga probably evolved into its current form around 600 AD during the Gupta Empire in India. The Sanskrit word ‘chaturaṅga’ is abahuvrihi compound, meaning "having 4 limbs or parts" and in epic poetry often means "army".

The name itself comes from a battle formation mentioned in the Indian epic Mahabharata, referring to 4 divisions of an army, viz. elephants, chariots, cavalry and infantry. Chaturanga was played on an 8 x 8 uncheckered board, called Ashtāpada.

The current form of the game emerged in Southern Europe during the second half of the 15th century after evolving from similar, much older games of Indian and Persian origin.

Today, chess is one of the world's most popular games, played by millions of people worldwide at home, clubs, online, correspondence, and tournaments.

A brief history of its invention

With all important maths concepts like zero, trignometry, pi, etc invented in India, have a look at the intellect of an intellectual mathematician named Lahur Sissa. In 3000 BCE, Brahmin Lahur showed his invention of Chess to King Ladava of South India.

The King became extremely happy and offered him whatever he wished. Lahur requested 1 wheat grain for 1 square of the chessboard, 2 grains for second, 4 for 3rd and so on till 64.

At first, the king thought it to be an easy demand in itself but his ministers told him that it’s impossible to get so many grains especially because the final calculation is coming to an impossible number.

Any person with even an average intelligence can do wonders in Chess. Only thing required is the application of your brain. A simple example is of the uneducated, poor Mir Sultan Khan, a player from British India, who never studied a single book of Chess; yet was ranked 6th in the world, defeating world Champions like Capablanca in the 1930s.

The game of chess symbolizes aggression and organization

Chess is for all ambitious and optimistic people with an attacking and aggressive nature. Chess is a miniature version of life and teaches you how to plan your life to perfection.

Attack is the most attractive way to win a game of chess. Attacking Chess makes our pulses beat faster and gives us the greatest pleasure and the most thrills. Games in which the players castle on different wings are lively and also deadly are the pair of attacking Bishops threatening the Kingside.

Interesting facts about Chess that every Player should know

1. In India, until 1930, a pawn could move only 1 square in the first move and king must always be to the right of Queen.

2. The number of possible, unique chess games is far greater than the number of electrons in the universe!

3. The number of electrons is estimated to be a mere 1079, while the number of unique chess games is 10120.

4. In English, that's a thousand trillion, trillion, trillion, trillion, trillion, trillion, trillion games.

5. The longest Chess game theoretically possible is 5,949 moves.

6. The Chinese Emperor Wen-ti executed two foreign Chess Players after learning that one of the pieces was called 'Emperor.'

7. He was upset that his title of ‘Emperor’ could be associated with a mere game and forbade the game.

8. Longest Chess Problem, mate in 290 moves was created by Blathy, Otto (1860-1939).

9. In 1925, Reti played against 30 players simultaneously without watching the chess board (blindfold). He won almost all the games. It was a world record. When he was going home after that, he forgot a suitcase. When somebody reminded him about it, Reti said: "Thank you very much. My memory is so bad......"

10. World chess champion Jose Capablanca began to play chess at the age of 4 after watching his father.

Barve’s Chess Promoters Group Mumbai

11. Anatoly Karpov was also taught the moves of chess also at 4 and then went on to become a grandmaster and world champion.

12. Boris Spassky learned the strategies of the game at the age of 5.

13. Gyorgy Negyesy who died in 1992, just before his 99th birthday, was the longest living master chess player.

14. Longest games recorded was between Nikolic and Arsovic, held in Yugoslavia in 1989. The game involved 269 moves and took over 20 hours, ending in a draw.

15. Professions Of Grandmasters:

a. Reschevesky – Accountant

b. Philidor – Musician

c. Paul Morphy - Lawyer

d. Najdorf - Insurance salesman

e. Botvinik – Electrical Engineer

f. MaxEuwe - Mathematics Teacher

g. Tarrasch – Medical Doctor


Play Chess for enjoyment and fun. That is the only way, you can get more and more interested will grow towards the game and your Chess will improve. You can then look forward towards a prosperous career in Chess! 

Saurabh Barve

Saurabh Barve is the CEO of Chess Promoters Group, a world leader in providing garden games, chess training and organising chess events.

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