According to the new National Educational Policy 10+2 structure will be replaced with a school curriculum of 5+3+3+4 that includes 12 years of schooling with three years of pre-school.
The new curriculum also mentioned any of the mother tongue or regional language would be the medium of instruction. The government declared that Wednesday while launching 2020's National Educational Policy.
Major Highlights of the Policy
- The NEP had last updated more than three decades ago
- The new curriculum structure will be 5+3+3+4 instead of 10+2
- Mother tongue or regional language will be the medium of instruction up to 5th grade.
- Sanskrit will be offered at all levels.
- Foreign languages will be offered from the secondary school level.
- The policy also highlights "no language will be imposed to any student".
- Instead of yearly exams school, students will only sit for three consecutive examinations at Classes 3, 5 and 8
- Evaluation in other years will be "regular and formative" focused on competency-based, promotes learning and development and tests higher-order skills, such as analysis, critical thinking and conceptual clarity".
- Board examinations of class 10 and 12 have also been restructured the main aim of which is "holistic development ". Standards for this new policy will be established at PARAKH - (Performance Assessment, Review, and Analysis of Knowledge for Holistic Development)- the new national assessment centre.
- The government also mentioned the new policy aims at reducing the unnecessary load from students and will redirect them towards "multi- disciplinary" and "multi-lingual"
- There will be no strict separation between vocational and academic curriculum, arts and science, curriculum and extra-curriculum activities, as it was in the previous policy.
- The policy further stated - by 2040 higher educational institutions like IITs (Indian Institute of Technology) will shift towards "holistic education" by including various subjects from arts and humanities for those who are studying science subjects.
- In order to regulate the higher studies in India,a council named Higher Education Council of India (HECI)will be set up. Their main focus will on institutions with more than 3000 students. One of the worth mentioning goals of the council is to increase the gross enrolment ratio to 50% by 2035 from 26.3% in 2018. However, the HECI council has no jurisdiction over medical and legal colleges.
- Higher Education Council of India (HECI) will have four separate and independent verticals- 1. National Higher Education Regulatory Council for regulation, 2. General Education Council to set standards, 3. Higher Education Grants Council for funding, and 4. National Accreditation Council for accreditation.