Career Opportunities After MCA
- Sep 26, 2016
In this digital age, IT professionals are in demand not only in India but across the world. As India transitions into a knowledge-based economy, the demand for skilled IT workforce is bound to grow. According to NASSCOM, the annual demand for IT-BPM (Business Process Management) professionals is expected to increase to 4.20 lakhs by 2020.MCA is one of the hottest degree choices for anyone wanting to make a mark in the field of information technology. We have compiled this short guide, to help you understand what MCA is all about, and what kind of career opportunities are available for MCA degree holders.
What is MCA?The Master of Computer Applications (MCA) is a three years (six semesters) postgraduate information technology course duly approved by the All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE), Government of India. The objective of this course is to equip students with the knowledge of latest applications, technologies, and tools in computer science to meet the ever-growing demand for IT professionals.In a MCA, students train in the fields of Application Software Development, Systems Designing, Computer Networks, Enterprise Resource Planning, Web Designing and Development, System Administration, Parallel and Vector Processing, Database Administration, Data Mining and Warehousing, and more.During your MCA, you can choose to specialise in a subject of your interest. Some of the specialisations offered in MCA include:
- Systems Development
- Systems Management
- Systems Engineering
- Software Development
- Application Software
- Management Information Systems (MIS)
- Hardware Technology
Eligibility Criteria for MCA AdmissionAdmission to MCA is based on entrance exams conducted by various universities. You can apply for admission to MCA if you fulfil the following criteria:
- You are appearing for or have passed final graduate degree examination in any discipline including engineering, science, commerce, or arts from a recognised college or university
- You have studied mathematics as a subject in your 10+2 or any one year of graduation. Those who have done BCA also qualify for MCA. Universities differ on this criterion; some require you to have mathematics as a subject in 10+2 irrespective of what subjects you have studied at the undergraduate level.
- Most universities required candidates to have secured fifty to sixty percent marks (it varies across universities) in the bachelor’s degree exams.
- International students with a valid passport and necessary qualifications can also get admission to MCA provided they pass the entrance exam.
MCA Entrance ExamAdmission to MCA is through an entrance exam conducted separately by various universities. The exams are usually held in the first half of the year.NIT MCA Common Entrance Test (NIMCET) and IIT Jams are national entrance tests conducted by NITs and IIT Roorkee respectively. Some states such as UP, Maharashtra, Punjab, and Kerala have a common entrance test for admission to MCA in various state universities and affiliated colleges.If you are looking to get into some of the most prestigious institutions for MCA, you should consider the following MCA entrance exams:
- NIT MCA Common Entrance Test (NIMCET), NITs
- JOINT ADMISSION TEST FOR MCA/ MSc (IIT JAM), Various Indian Institutes of Technology
- BIT MCA, Birla Institute of Technology (BIT) Mesra
- IPU CET MCA, Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University, New Delhi
- JNU MCA, Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU)
- PUNE UNIVERSITY MCA, Pune University
Obtaining admission to a MCA course at a renowned college is not easy. It is certainly advisable to seek the help of an experienced tutor to help you prepare for the MCA entrance exam.Higher Education after MCAMost students go for a job after completing MCA. However, if you are looking for further skill enhancement, or you want to pursue a career in academics, you may want to study further. Some of the courses that you can go for after completing MCA include:
- Master of Business Administration (MBA)
- Master of Technology (MTech)
- MPhil (Master of Philosophy)
- PhD (Doctor of Philosophy)
You can also go for short term certificate courses in software testing, hardware, networking, or database management, which will acquaint you with current technology and applications.
Job Opportunities After MCAWith a MCA degree, you can get a job in both Indian and foreign IT companies. Here are some of the jobs you may get after completing MCA:
Software Engineer/ Developer - As a Software Engineer you are responsible for designing, developing, installing, testing and maintaining software systems. The job involves analysing client’s needs and creating solutions to meets those requirements.
Systems Analyst - As a systems analyst, you will use computers and other systems to design new IT solutions, enhance, modify or adapt existing IT systems and integrate new features or improvements, with the aim to improve business efficiency and productivity.
Software Consultant - Today, consultancy is a great career option for those with a MCA degree. Software consultants evaluate a business and provide their feedback and recommend software solutions that drive business efficiency. You can either work independently or join a consultancy firm.
Software Application Architect - If you decide to become a software application architect after your MCA, you will have to make high-level decisions with regards to the design and architecture of IT products. You will have to develop technical protocols and guidelines such as coding tools, platforms and standards.
Hardware Engineer - If you have a knack for machines, then this is the right job for you. As a hardware engineer, you will get to work with hardware such as circuit boards, hard disk, wires, computer chips, router, and other components.
Systems Engineer - Systems engineers do the important job of designing programs and writing code for operating systems and other software. You may specialise in hardware or software part of it, depending on your interest.
Web designer and developer - This is one of the most high-in-demand jobs after a MCA degree. As the name suggests, a web designer or developer is responsible for building websites. If you have a flair for aesthetics and a creative bent of mind, then this might be the right job choice for you.
Technical Writer - If you have an aptitude for writing, you can combine your technical knowledge and writing skills to become a professional writer. Technical writers are responsible for writing technical documents such as design specifications, technology blogs, white papers, user guides, project plans, and more.
Entrepreneurship - You can be your own boss, and start your own business in the field of IT or another industry where you can use your IT knowledge to offer products and services to your targeted client base. However, it is advisable that you first gain some industry experience after completing your MCA, and then launch your entrepreneurial venture.
Defence – Post the MCA degree, you can also join the Indian Army, Air force or Navy in various cadres.Your salary after an MCA degree will vary with the type of job you choose.
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